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It is by now widely recognized that cell membranes show complex patterns of lateral organization. Two mechanisms involving either a lipid-dependent (microdomain model) or cytoskeleton-based (meshwork model) process are thought to be responsible for these plasma membrane organizations. In the present study, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy measurements(More)
Membrane rafts are thought to be sphingolipid- and cholesterol-dependent lateral assemblies involved in diverse cellular functions. Their biological roles and even their existence, however, remain controversial. Using an original fluorescence correlation spectroscopy strategy that recently enabled us to identify nanoscale membrane organizations in live(More)
The transmembrane protein LAT (linker for activation of T cells) couples the T cell receptor (TCR) to downstream signaling effectors. Mice homozygous for a mutation of a single LAT tyrosine residue showed impeded T cell development. However, later they accumulated polyclonal helper T (TH) cells that chronically produced type 2 cytokines in large amounts.(More)
Recent studies suggest that rafts are involved in numerous cell functions, including membrane traffic and signaling. Here we demonstrate, using a polyoxyethylene ether Brij 98, that detergent-insoluble microdomains possessing the expected biochemical characteristics of rafts are present in the cell membrane at 37 degrees C. After extraction, these(More)
The integral membrane adaptor protein linker for activation of T cells (LAT) couples the T-cell receptor (TCR) with downstream signalling and is essential for T-cell development and activation. Here, we investigate the dynamic distribution of LAT-GFP fusion proteins by time-lapse video imaging of live T lymphocytes interacting with antigen-presenting cells.(More)
Fas, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, can upon ligation by its ligand or agonistic antibodies trigger signaling cascades leading to cell death in lymphocytes and other cell types. Such signaling cascades are initiated through the formation of a membrane death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) that includes Fas, the Fas-associated death(More)
Localization of the death receptor Fas to specialized membrane microdomains is crucial to Fas-mediated cell death signaling. Here, we report that the post-translational modification of Fas by palmitoylation at the membrane proximal cysteine residue in the cytoplasmic region is the targeting signal for Fas localization to lipid rafts, as demonstrated in both(More)
The role of lipid rafts in T cell signalling has recently been extensively studied and hotly debated. In this review we wish to present recent advances in the study of lipid rafts with regards to the initiation of TCR signal transduction. We also wish to clarify some common misconceptions regarding certain models and experimental methods reported in the(More)
Cell membranes actively participate in numerous cellular functions. Inasmuch as bioactivities of cell membranes are known to depend crucially on their lateral organization, much effort has been focused on deciphering this organization on different length scales. Within this context, the concept of lipid rafts has been intensively discussed over recent(More)
Despite intensive investigation, the mechanisms of T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated signal generation remain poorly understood. Here we review various dynamic processes at the cell membrane that might critically control this signaling. Firstly, we summarize recent reports providing new information on the sensitivity of TCR/ligand interaction to the membrane(More)