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Ginkgo trees of four different ages were selected as experimental material. Telomeric restriction fragment (TRF) lengths, as an indicator of telomere length, were determined for different tissues by Southern hybridization analysis. Statistical analysis was performed to compare two aspects of TRF length. By determining TRF lengths for different tissues for(More)
The mtlD gene encoding mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the biosynthesis of mannitol from fructose, was cloned from Escherichia coli and transferred to poplar (Populus tomentosa Carr.) through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The transgenic plants were screened and selected on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 30-50 mg(More)
Telomeres have lately received considerable attention in the development of tree species. Normal somatic cells have limited replicative capacity and telomeres get shorten with each round of DNA replication. For broad-leaved tree species, to determine what changes happen to their somatic cells in its annual development cycle, an exhaustive research on(More)
Proteinases play a critical role in developmental homeostasis and in response to environ-mental stimuli. Our present research reports that a new cysteine protease, NtCP56, is involved in the development of pollen grains in Nicotiana tabacum L. The NtCP56 gene, which encodes a protein of 361 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 40 kDa, is(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of CK2 subunits and CK2 effects on NF-kappaB-mediated and TP53-mediated signal activation and gene expression, the malignant phenotype, and chemosensitivity in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Protein expression of CK2 subunits was(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSC) and genes have been linked to cancer development and therapeutic resistance, but the signaling mechanisms regulating CSC genes and phenotype are incompletely understood. CK2 has emerged as a key signal serine/threonine kinase that modulates diverse signal cascades regulating cell fate and growth. We previously showed that CK2 is(More)
The p53 homologue DeltaNp63alpha is overexpressed and inhibits apoptosis in a subset of human squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Here, we report that in normal keratinocytes overexpressing DeltaNp63alpha and in human squamous carcinoma cells, DeltaNp63alpha physically associates with phosphorylated, transcriptionally active nuclear c-Rel, a nuclear(More)
Overexpression of the Yes-associated protein (YAP), and TP53 family members ΔNp63 and p73, have been independently detected in subsets of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). YAP may serve as a nuclear cofactor with ΔNp63 and p73, but the functional role of YAP and their potential relationship in HNSCCs are unknown. In this study, we show that(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and many other epithelial malignancies exhibit increased proliferation, invasion, and inflammation, concomitant with aberrant nuclear activation of TP53 and NF-kB family members DNp63, cRel, and RelA. However, the mechanisms of cross-talk by which these transcription factors coordinate gene expression and the(More)
Based on genetic and molecular analyses, the ABC model was proposed to explain the genetic control of floral development. The C-class MADS box gene AGAMOUS (AG) plays crucial roles in Arabidopsis thaliana development through regulation of the organ identity of stamens and gynoecium. The present research reports for the first time the cloning of an AG(More)