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MOTIVATION Pathway modeling requires the integration of multiple data including prior knowledge. In this study, we quantitatively assess the application of Gene Ontology (GO)-derived similarity measures for the characterization of direct and indirect interactions within human regulatory pathways. The characterization would help the integration of prior(More)
There has been great interest in natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) in recent years. We report another new approach—transumbilical endoscopic surgery (TUES)—which we have performed in 40 cases for liver cysts (3), bleeding ascites (1), chronic appendicitis (10), and gallbladder diseases (26). Transumbilical endoscopic liver cyst(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death in China. In the present study, proteins in tumors and adjacent normal esophageal tissues from 41 patients with ESCC were extracted, and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was performed using the pH 3–10 and 4–7 immobilized pH gradient strips. The protein spots(More)
During wound healing, stem cells provide functional mature cells to meet acute demands for tissue regeneration. Simultaneously, the tissue must maintain a pool of stem cells to sustain its future regeneration capability. However, how these requirements are balanced in response to injury is unknown. Here we demonstrate that after wounding or ultraviolet type(More)
The major barrier to transumbilical endoscopic surgery is external interference between the instrument handles around the umbilicus. We describe technique of totally transumbilical endoscopic cholecystectomy using improved instruments. New trocars (5 and 3 mm in diameter, respectively) without proximal seal system on the sleeves were designed for this(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world. In order to identify the proteins associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC), we analyzed the protein profiles of ESCC cases with tumor and matched adjacent normal tissues. METHODS Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was carried out to analyze the protein(More)
p63 is a recently identified homologue of the tumor suppressor gene TP53, which encodes multiple isotypes with transactivating, death-inducing and dominant-negative activities. p63 is expressed in basal cells of squamous epithelia and many kinds of tumors. To explore the penetrance of p63 in esophageal cancer, we analyzed p63 expression in squamous cell(More)
The role of the microenvironment in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), or any acute leukemia, is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that T-ALL cells are in direct, stable contact with CXCL12-producing bone marrow stroma. Cxcl12 deletion from vascular endothelial, but not perivascular, cells impeded tumor growth, suggesting a vascular niche for(More)
Migration inhibitory factor-related protein 14 (MRP14) is one of calcium-binding proteins, referred as S100A9. The heterodimeric molecule formed by MRP14 with its partner MRP8 (S100A8) is the major fatty acid carrier in neutrophils. The MRP8/14 complex has been also implicated in the intracellular transport of arachidonic acid and its precursors in(More)