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Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is a major challenge to sodium magnetic resonance imaging. Phased array coils have been shown significantly improving SNR in proton imaging over volume coils. This study investigates SNR advantage of a 15-channel array head coil (birdcage volume coil for transmit/receive and 15-channel array insert for receive-only) in sodium(More)
Parallel transmission has emerged as an efficient means for implementing multidimensional spatially selective radiofrequency excitation pulses. To date, most theoretical and experimental work on parallel transmission radiofrequency (RF) pulse design is based on the small-tip-angle approximation to the Bloch equation. The small-tip-angle, while(More)
The feasibility of high-resolution sodium magnetic resonance imaging on human brain at 7 T was demonstrated in this study. A three-dimensional anisotropic resolution data acquisition was used to address the challenge of low signal-to-noise ratio associated with high resolution. Ultrashort echo-time sequence was used for the anisotropic data acquisition.(More)
T(2)(∗) weighted fMRI at high and ultra high field (UHF) is often hampered by susceptibility-induced, through-plane, signal loss. Three-dimensional tailored RF (3DTRF) pulses have been shown to be an effective approach for mitigating through-plane signal loss at UHF. However, the required RF pulse lengths are too long for practical applications. Recently,(More)
Bacteria tightly regulate and coordinate the various events in their cell cycles to duplicate themselves accurately and to control their cell sizes. Growth of Escherichia coli, in particular, follows a relation known as Schaechter's growth law. This law says that the average cell volume scales exponentially with growth rate, with a scaling exponent equal to(More)
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia is accompanied by hypotension, which can affect vascular hemodynamics. Here, we hypothesized that a fall in blood flow as a result of hypotension has a larger effect on hemodynamics in medium-sized peripheral arteries compared with increased pulsatility in rapid pacing. To test this hypothesis, we experimentally and(More)
Multidimensional spatially selective RF pulses have been used in MRI applications such as B₁ and B₀ inhomogeneities mitigation. However, the long pulse duration has limited their practical applications. Recently, theoretical and experimental studies have shown that parallel transmission can effectively shorten pulse duration without sacrificing the quality(More)
PURPOSE To optimize the design of radiofrequency (RF) shielding of transmit coils at 7T and reduce eddy currents generated on the RF shielding when imaging with rapid gradient waveforms. METHODS One set of a four-element, 2 × 2 Tic-Tac-Toe head coil structure was selected and constructed to study eddy currents on the RF coil shielding. The generated eddy(More)
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