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This paper proposes a new motion vector (MV) smoothing algorithm to track the real motion in image sequences for MPEG video encoders. First, a pre-checking algorithm is employed to eliminate wrong motion vectors and preserve all possible motion vectors. For each block considered, the motion similarity between the neighboring blocks and the number of(More)
Procedures for establishing second-order excitation (conditioned stimulus [CS] 1-unconditioned stimulus [US] trials followed by CS2-CS1 trials) are highly similar to those for Pavlovian conditioned inhibition (CS1-US trials interspersed with CS2-CS1 trials). Conditioned suppression in rats was used to identify the critical operational differences that(More)
The Hall-Pearce (1979) negative transfer effect in rats was used to examine whether temporal relationships are coded as part of the informational content of associations that results from CS-US pairings. The transfer effect consists of a deficit in conditioned responding following CS-USstrong pairings in Phase 2 that results from prior CS-USweak pairings in(More)
A potential basis for trial spacing and trial distribution effects was investigated in rats. In Experiment 1, a conditioned stimulus (e.g., CS A) was trained with either massed (e.g., A---->A---->A) or spaced (e.g., A-->A-->A) trials. When trials were massed, brief exposure to the training context (a condition typical of massed training) impaired(More)
—Abundant intra and inter prediction modes contribute to the superior coding performance of the AVS video coding standard remarkably. However, the resulting implementation complexity is very high, and the real-time throughput is dramatically challenged especially in high definition video coding. So, hardware implementation is highly desired, and hardware(More)