Hagen J. Blaszyk

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Serotonin (5-HT) is a critical signaling molecule in the gut. 5-HT released from enterochromaffin cells initiates peristaltic, secretory, vasodilatory, vagal, and nociceptive reflexes. Despite being pathophysiologically divergent, ulcerative colitis (UC) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are both associated with clinical symptoms that(More)
This investigation was conducted to establish whether guinea-pig trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-colitis was associated with a change in the number of neurones of the myenteric plexus, and, if so, whether select subpopulations of neurones were affected. Total neurones were quantified with human (Hu) antiserum, and subpopulations were evaluated with(More)
Urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis and ureter may develop sporadically or as a manifestation of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. The majority of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer is caused by mutation of the human DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes and is detected by associated microsatellite instability (MSI). Seventy-three unselected(More)
Maspin, a member of the Serpin protease inhibitor family, is overexpressed in poorly differentiated colorectal tumors and more frequently found in tumors with microsatellite instability. Immunohistochemical nuclear Maspin staining is predominantly seen in tumor cells at the invasion front of such cancers, suggesting that this molecule is associated with(More)
Urothelial neoplasms in patients 19 years of age or younger are rare, and the data regarding clinical outcome are conflicting. Molecular data are not available. Urothelial tumours from 14 patients aged 4 to 19 years were analysed, including FGFR3 and TP53 mutation screening, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), UroVysion FISH analysis, polymerase chain(More)
Multifocal hyperplasia of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC hyperplasia) is a precursor of hereditary gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in patients with germline mutations of c-KIT or PDGFRA, but precursor lesions of sporadic GISTs have not been defined yet. Small hyalinizing stromal tumors of the proximal stomach (referred to in this study as GIST(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to identify human genes that might prove useful in the diagnosis and therapy of primary breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Twenty-four matched pairs of invasive ductal breast cancer and corresponding benign breast tissue were investigated by a combination of laser microdissection and gene expression profiling.(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporters ABCA3 and ABCA1 are related to a differentiated, lipid-secreting phenotype of type II pneumocytes. Since mammary gland epithelial cells also show pronounced lipid metabolism and secretion, we investigated the expression of these proteins in normal as well as in neoplastic breast tissue. Normal human breast tissue, breast(More)
Multifocality and recurrence of urothelial carcinoma may result from either the field effect of carcinogens leading to oligoclonal tumors or monoclonal tumor spread. Previous molecular studies, favoring the monoclonality hypothesis, are mostly limited to the urinary bladder. We investigated genetic alterations in a total of 94 synchronous or metachronous(More)
Human cancer cells with a mutated p53 tumor-suppressor gene have a selective growth advantage and may exhibit resistance to ionizing radiation and certain chemotherapeutic agents. To examine the prognostic value of mutations in the p53 gene, a cohort of 90 Midwestern Caucasian breast cancer patients were analyzed with methodology that detects virtually 100%(More)