Learn More
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) constitutes a major public health issue in Pakistan. Interferon α and ribavirin is used widely in routine practice in HCV infected patients in Pakistan.Treatment prediction is an important tool in therapy management. The present study aims to evaluate trends of predictive variables of treatment outcome in patients with different(More)
The effective standard therapeutic regimen for patients with chronic hepatitis C is pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. The efficacy of treatment in chronic hepatitis C is defined as absence of detectable virus at six months after treatment. Analysis of patient dependent and virus related factors that enable us to predict the response to antiviral(More)
BACKGROUND The gold standard treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) in combination with ribavirin. Most patients treated with PEG-IFN achieve a sustained virological response (SVR). However host genetic factors play a vital role in the spontaneous and treatment-induced clearance of HCV infection from these(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection is caused by an RNA virus. HCV infection is considered to induce systemic disease that causes steatosis, alters lipid metabolism, and results in metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic outcome in HCV genotype 3 patients with metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 621(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid virological response (RVR) is now thought to be the strongest predictor of sustained virological response (SVR) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients undergoing antiviral therapy. It can be used as a guide to individualize treatment duration. The aim of this study was to assess the role of RVR in tailoring the duration of treatment. METHODS(More)
ZIKV has emerged as grave global health issue in the past few years. ZIKV was firstly isolated in 1947 from a rhesus sentinel monkey in the Zika forest in Uganda. It is usually transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes and infects skin fibroblasts, skin keratinocytes, etc. ZIKV until now was under reported because of its clinical similarity with the(More)
Objective: The objectives of the current study were to isolated and identified UTIs causative agents. To identify the frequency of ESBL producing microorganisms. These findings will help to manage UTIs infections in Pakistani population. Methods: A total of 1050 outdoor patient’s samples were collected by the mid-stram methods. The samples were tested(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) constitutes a major public health issue around the world, especially in developing countries like Pakistan. In this study, we assessed outcome of interferon (INF) treatment in chronic hepatitis C patients categorized by gender, age, and viral load. METHODS In this study, 750 HCV positive patients with genotype 3 were(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore RNA dependent RNA polymerase of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and develop T cell based epitopes with high antigenicity and good binding affinity for the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) classes as targets for epitopes based CHIKV vaccine. METHODS In this study we downloaded 371 non-structural protein 4 protein sequences of CHIKV belonging to(More)
BACKGROUND After invasion of hepatocytes and immune cells, hepatitis C virus has the ability to escape from the host immune system, leading to the progression of disease into chronic infection with associated liver morbidities. Adenosine 5'triphosphate (ATP) is released in most of the pathological events from the affected cells and acts as a signaling(More)