Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury

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A review of the diarrhoeal disease literature reveals considerable variability in the definition of diarrhoeal episodes. The use of various definitions of diarrhoea and episodes leads to misclassification, affects the estimates of the disease burden in communities and reduces comparability of the findings from different studies. This study is an attempt to(More)
A longitudinal study of diarrhea was carried out from May 1988 to April 1989 by household surveillance of 705 children less than 5 years old in rural Bangladesh. Stool samples were examined for enteric pathogens at the beginning of each diarrheal episode. For persistent episodes, stool examination was repeated on days 15-17 of the illness. For each case of(More)
A community-based logitudinal study conducted in Matlab, a rural area in Bangladesh, investigated acute respiratory infections (ARI) among children. A cohort of 696 children under 5 years of age was followed for 1 year yielding 183,865 child-days of observation. Trained field workers visited the study children every fourth day. Data on symptoms suggesting(More)
The study assessed the timing and causes of neonatal deaths in a rural area of Bangladesh. A population-based demographic surveillance system, run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, recorded livebirths and neonatal deaths during 2003-2004 among a population of 224,000 living in Matlab, a rural subdistrict of eastern(More)
A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Matlab, a rural area of Bangladesh, from May 1988 to April 1989 to examine the associations among malnutrition, cell-mediated immune deficiency, and the incidence of diarrhea in children under age 5 years. A cohort of 705 children was followed for a year; illnesses were ascertained every fourth day by(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the leading cause of diarrhea-related morbidity and mortality in developing countries, including Bangladesh. The licensed vaccine Rotashield was withdrawn from the market because of an increased risk of intussusception. This study was undertaken to estimate the background incidence rates of intussusception among children aged <2(More)
OBJECTIVE Population-based information on causes of death (CoD) by age, sex, and area is critical for countries with limited resources to identify and address key public health issues. This study analysed the demographic surveillance and verbal autopsy (VA) data to estimate age- and sex-specific mortality rates and cause-specific mortality fractions in two(More)
OBJECTIVE This study used the InterVA-4 computerised model to assign probable cause of death (CoD) to verbal autopsies (VAs) generated from two rural areas, with a difference in health service provision, within the Matlab Health and Demographic Surveillance site (HDSS). This study aimed to compare CoD by gender, as well as discussing possible factors which(More)
A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and toxicity of vitamin A supplementation within the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) in rural Bangladesh. 191 infants received 3 doses of either 50,000 IU of vitamin A or placebo at about 1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 months and were examined on days 1, 2, 3, and 8 after(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between nutritional status, cell-mediated immune status and the incidence of acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). DESIGN Community-based longitudinal study. SETTING Three villages in rural Bangladesh at Matlab. SUBJECT 696 children aged 0-59 months were followed up for a year. METHODS Trained field(More)