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Human neurons are functional over an entire lifetime, yet the mechanisms that preserve function and protect against neurodegeneration during ageing are unknown. Here we show that induction of the repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor (REST; also known as neuron-restrictive silencer factor, NRSF) is a universal feature of normal ageing in human(More)
Histone demethylation is known to regulate transcription, but its role in other processes is largely unknown. We report a role for the histone demethylase LSD1/KDM1A in the DNA damage response (DDR). We show that LSD1 is recruited directly to sites of DNA damage. H3K4 dimethylation, a major substrate for LSD1, is reduced at sites of DNA damage in an(More)
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Asian females, and the incidence of breast cancer has been increasing in Asia. Because Asian patients develop breast cancer at a younger age than their Caucasian counterparts, the contributions of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) mutations in Asians are expected to be different than in Caucasians. The prevalence of(More)
Moori is a hybrid form of an audience participatory dynamic narrative and an audio-visual performance system. By incorporating a smart phone's dynamic interface and SMS, users share their thoughts to proposed questions by a performer. Through text inputs, buttons, and multi-touch pads, user-data is processed to generate algorithmic audio and visuals. The(More)
We determined the combined effectiveness of ClO(2) (200 and 500 μg/ml, 5 min), air drying [25 °C, 40% relative humidity (RH), 2 h], and mild dry heat (55 °C, 23% RH, up to 48 h) treatments in killing total aerobic bacteria (TAB), Escherichia coli O157:H7, and molds and yeasts (MY) on radish seeds. A 5.1-log reduction in the number of TAB was achieved on(More)
Ku86 plays a key role in nonhomologous end joining in organisms as evolutionarily disparate as bacteria and humans. In eukaryotic cells, Ku86 has also been implicated in the regulation of telomere length although the effect of Ku86 mutations varies considerably between species. Indeed, telomeres either shorten significantly, shorten slightly, remain(More)
This investigation is aimed at evaluating the epidemiologic characteristics of BRCA1/2 germline mutations in Korean patients with breast and ovarian cancer (BOC). We analyzed the entire mutational data of BRCA1/2 genes in BOC patients who were tested in Korea since the first Korean report of BRCA1 mutation in 1995 with the exception of the data covered in(More)
This study was performed to determine the risk of tumor recurrence after local excision alone in patients with small size (≤1 cm) ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast. We have treated 107 patients who had DCIS measuring ≤1 cm with margin widths of ≥0.3 cm with excision alone per institutional protocol. With a median follow-up time of 58 months, 4(More)
PURPOSE The authors aim was to investigate the effects of using transmission and reflection scanning modes, the film orientation during scanning, and ambient room light on a dosimetry system based on the Gafchromic(TM) EBT2 film model. METHODS For calibration, the films were cut to 3 × 3 cm(2) and irradiated from 20 to 700 cGy at the depth of maximum dose(More)
Long CAG repeat tracts cause human hereditary neurodegenerative diseases and have a propensity to expand during parental passage. Unusual physical properties of CAG repeat tracts are thought to contribute to their instability. We investigated whether their unusual properties alter the organization of CAG repeat tract chromatin. We report that CAG repeat(More)