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Polycaprolactone (PCL) macromer was obtained by the reaction of PCL diol with acryloyl chloride and confirmed using Fourier transform infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer. Novel degradable PCL networks were prepared through photopolymerization of the PCL macromer. Thermal, mechanical, and morphological characteristics as well as(More)
Regenerated silk fibroin (SF) filaments were prepared by the wet spinning technique. The rheological behavior of the SF dope solution prepared with formic acid was examined and the drawing effect on the structural characteristics and mechanical properties of SF filament was comparatively studied with those of natural silk fiber. SF dope exhibited shear(More)
Grafted macromolecules often induce granuloma formation with foreign body giant cell (FBGC) infiltration, and this is the main reason for graft failure. Diacylglycerol kinase (DAGK) is an important intracellular mediator of FBGC formation in macrophages. In this study, 4-hexylresorcinol (4HR) inhibited DAGKδ in a macrophage cell line (RAW264.7 cells). As a(More)
Effects of methyl alcohol on the morphology and conformational characteristics of silk sericin (SS) were studied. Scanning electron microscope showed that morphology of SS lyophilized was dramatically changed from sponge-like structure to spherical fine particle type. X-ray diffraction method, infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the capability of silk fibroin powder as a biomaterial template for the restoration of peri-implant defects when mixed with Choukroun platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in vivo. STUDY DESIGN Ten New Zealand white rabbits were used for this study. Using a trephine bur (diameter 7.0 mm), 2 monocortical defects(More)
Antheraea pernyi silk fibroin (SF) hydrolysate were characterized using UV-VIS spectrometer, amino acid composition and heavy metal contents to explore its potential sources for food or cosmetic additives. The hydrolyzed A. pernyi SF was separated into two parts: (a) SFA, alanine-rich fraction and (b) SFB, tyrosine-rich fraction. SFB exhibited strong(More)
We investigated the effects of repairing large tympanic membrane (TM) perforations in rats with a thin silk patch compared with the commonly used paper patch. We performed bilateral myringotomies of 1.8 mm in diameter on 50 adult Sprague-Dawley rats with intact TMs. The perforations in the right ears of 40 rats were treated with a silk patch, and the(More)
Abnormal activation of microglial cells has been implicated in various neurodegenerative diseases. Results showed that venom (KBV) produced and purified in Korea regulated lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the murine microglia, BV-2 cell line. The production of proinflammatory cytokines, NO,(More)
Recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) stimulates the proliferation and migration of epithelial cells in human cell culture systems and animal models of partial-thickness skin wounds. This study investigated the effect of a topical rhEGF ointment on the rate of wound healing and skin re-epithelialization in a rat full thickness wound model, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration ability of silk fibroin (SF) membrane. STUDY DESIGN Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) and solubility test against distilled water were performed with 3 different types of SF membrane (SM1, SM2, and SM3). Subsequently, microscopic computerized tomography (μ-CT) and histomorphometric(More)