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Many underlying causes of human infertility have been overcome by using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) techniques. Nevertheless, implantation rates in IVF programs remain low despite the transfer of apparently healthy embryos. This suggests that there are problems with the differentiation of the uterus to the receptive state in(More)
PDS5B is a sister chromatid cohesion protein that is crucial for faithful segregation of duplicated chromosomes in lower organisms. Mutations in cohesion proteins are associated with the developmental disorder Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) in humans. To delineate the physiological roles of PDS5B in mammals, we generated mice lacking PDS5B (APRIN).(More)
Recent studies suggest that epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation and histone modification, can alter the differentiation potential of stem cells or progenitor cells. Specifically, coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) is known to act as a coactivator for various transcription factors and to regulate gene expression by(More)
Successful implantation absolutely depends on the reciprocal interaction between the implantation-competent blastocyst and the receptive uterus. Expression and gene targeting studies have shown that leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a cytokine of the IL-6 family, and Hoxa-10, an abdominalB-like homeobox gene, are crucial to implantation and decidualization(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare gene expression profiles of placentas from preeclamptic and normal pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN We performed microarray experiments to analyze genome-wide expression profiling for 10 placentas from pregnant women with preeclampsia and 10 placentas from women who experienced noncomplicated pregnancies (CON), and to identify dysregulated(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha (cPLA2alpha) is a major provider of arachidonic acid (AA) for the cyclooxygenase (COX) system for the biosynthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). Female mice with the null mutation for Pla2g4a (cPLA2alpha) produce small litters and often exhibit pregnancy failures, although the cause(s) of these defects remains elusive. We show(More)
Synchronized development of the embryo to the active stage of the blastocyst, differentiation of the uterus to the receptive state, and a "cross talk" between the blastocyst and uterine luminal epithelium are essential to the process of implantation. In spite of considerable accumulation of information and the present state of the knowledge, our(More)
Etv4, Etv1, and Etv5 are members of Etv4 subfamily of E26 transformation-specific (Ets) transcription factors that are known to influence a host of biological processes. We previously showed that Etv5, expressed in Sertoli cells, plays a crucial role in maintaining spermatogonial stem cell niche in the mouse testis. However, it is not yet known whether Etv4(More)
The expression of NKX3.1, a transcriptional regulator and tumor suppressor gene in prostate cancer, is downregulated during early stages of prostate tumorigenesis. However, little is known of the alterations in gene expression that occur as a result of this event. We combined laser capture microdissection and gene expression profiling to analyse the(More)
Delayed implantation, considered a state of suspended animation, is widespread in mammals. Blastocysts under this condition remain dormant for an extended period but resume implantation competence upon favorable conditions. The underlying mechanism by which extended longevity of dormant blastocysts is maintained is not clearly understood. Using autophagy(More)