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OBJECTIVE Six and a half to 7 years after the 1995 terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City, the authors assessed autonomic reactivity to trauma reminders and psychiatric symptoms in adults who had some degree of direct exposure to the blast. METHOD Sixty survivors who were listed in a state health department registry of persons exposed to the bombing and 60(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of hurricane exposure and forced relocation on the mind and body, we compared psychiatric diagnoses and symptoms with heart rate variability (HRV) for 34 relocated Katrina survivors and 34 demographically matched controls. METHODS All participants were healthy and free of psychiatric and cardiovascular medications. We(More)
PURPOSE Patients' nonadherence to antidepressant treatment hampers cost and efficacy of depression-specific treatment. However, previous studies have failed to find consistent findings in economic effect on nonadherence and also failed to reach consensus in how to measure nonadherence to treatment. The study attempts to investigate income effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Cocaine-induced neuroplastic changes may result in a heightened propensity for relapse. Using regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as a marker of basal neuronal activity, this study assessed alterations in rCBF and related resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) to prospectively predict relapse in patients following treatment for cocaine use(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited data on femoropopliteal artery stent thrombosis (ST), which is a serious adverse outcome of peripheral artery interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS Index procedures resulting in femoropopliteal ST were compared with stent procedures without subsequent ST in the Excellence in Peripheral Artery Disease registry. The study data had(More)
This study examined hippocampal volume as a putative biomarker for psychotic illness in the Bipolar-Schizophrenia Network on Intermediate Phenotypes (B-SNIP) psychosis sample, contrasting manual tracing and semiautomated (FreeSurfer) region-of-interest outcomes. The study sample (n = 596) included probands with schizophrenia (SZ, n = 71), schizoaffective(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors assessed relocated Hurricane Katrina survivors' emotional and biological stress measures 20 months postdisaster to understand effects of both hurricane exposure and forced relocation on emotional and physical health. DESIGN Psychiatric diagnoses, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms, and biological stress(More)
THEORY We explored the theory that measures of medical students' well-being and stress from different types of preclinical curricula are linked with performance on standardized assessment. HYPOTHESES Self-reported stress and quality of life among sophomore medical students having different types of preclinical curricula will vary in their relationships to(More)
Twenty-four female partners of firefighters participating in recovery efforts associated with the 1995 terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City were assessed 43 to 44 months later. Disaster experiences, psychiatric diagnoses, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and autonomic reactivity in response to an interview about the bombing were examined. Most of the(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively few studies of children exposed to trauma have used objective indicators such as heart rate and blood pressure measurements to assess physiological reactivity. METHODS This pilot study examined physiological reactivity (heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure) and emotional indicators (posttraumatic stress(More)