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BACKGROUNDS B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NTproBNP) levels showed frequent discrepancies in individual patients. OBJECTIVES The aims were 1) to compare the abilities of BNP and NTproBNP for the detection of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) or diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in the symptomatic patients, and 2) to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary flow reserve (CFR) capacity of penetrating intramyocardial coronary artery (PICA) in apical hypertrophic (AH) cardiomyopathy has not been studied yet. METHODS We studied 65 patients with normal coronary angiogram results (mean age 56 +/- 10 years; 33 men, 32 women). Of these, 30 were normotensive without any left ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare coronary flow reserve (CFR) capacity of penetrating intramyocardial coronary artery (PICA) using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and biochemical marker of myocardial fibrosis in hypertension (HTN). METHODS In 58 patients (male:female ratio = 31:27; mean age 47 +/- 9 years) with chest pain and(More)
To evaluate the relation between peripheral vascular endothelial function and coronary flow reserve (CFR), we assessed flow mediated dilation (FMD) of brachial artery and the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery in 32 subjects (mean age 58+/-9 years, M/F=9:23 ) with chest pain and normal coronary angiogram. The subjects were divided into 2(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of exercise treadmill test in determining the true microvasculature-induced ischemia, we compared the pattern of ST depression with coronary flow reserve (CFR) using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) in patients with chest pain and normal coronary angiogram. DESIGN Fifty-nine subjects (M/F=21:38, mean age(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Doppler-derived left ventricular (LV) -dP/dt in predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) or ischemic stroke in patients with moderate to severe degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS Doppler-derived LV -dP/dt was determined from the continuous-wave Doppler spectrum of the MR jet (-dP/dt(More)
After successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), unpredictable coronary events occur that are caused by in-stent restenosis and the progression of preexisting nonculprit coronary lesions. However, little is known about the long-term clinically driven PCI rates for the progression of nonculprit coronary lesions discovered during culprit-lesion PCI(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to evaluate the influence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) on left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) flow. METHODS We divided 89 subjects (34 males and 55 females, mean age 64 +/- 14 years) into an LBBB group (n = 40), a right ventricular (RV) pacing group (n = 26), and a control group (n = 23). All of the(More)
Pericardial effusion can develop from any pericardial disease, including pericarditis and several systemic disorders, such as malignancies, pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic renal failure, thyroid diseases, and autoimmune diseases. The causes of large pericardial effusion requiring invasive pericardiocentesis may vary according to the time, country, and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that nocturnal blood pressure level and/or loss of nocturnal blood pressure dips are sensitive markers of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several studies have suggested that blunted heart rate variability and nocturnal decline in heart rate are also associated with target organ damage. These phenomena occur relatively(More)