Hae Moon Chung

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The expressed variant cell surface glycoprotein (VSG) gene of Trypanosoma brucei is located at the 3' end of a large, telomeric, polycistronic transcription unit or expression site. We show that the region 45 kb upstream of the VSG gene, in the expression site on a 1.5-Mb chromosome, contains at least two promoters that are arranged in tandem, directing the(More)
The primary patterning event in early vertebrate development is the formation of mesoderm and subsequent induction of the neural tube by the mesoderm. Some of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family (Activin, Vg1) and the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family molecules have been implicated for their roles in mesoderm induction. Here we show first(More)
Mesoderm induction is one of the major events of early vertebrate embryonic patterning. It appears to be controlled by sequential and combinatorial actions of several kinds of peptide growth factors. These include activin, fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), among others. In the present study, the function of(More)
Vertebrate hoxc8 homologous genes have been shown to be involved in the formation of lower thoracic/lumbar vertebrae during early embryonic development. We report the isolation of a Xenopus hoxc8 (Xhoxc8), which shows 94% amino acid sequence identity to the mouse counterpart. Xhoxc8 is initially expressed in a broad region of blastopore lip at gastrular(More)
Protein-coding genes are transcribed by RNA polymerise (pol) II in all eukaryotes analyzed to date, with the exception of the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei, where pol I can mediate expression of chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) and neomycin phosphotransferase (neo) reporter genes. The addition of the capped 39-nucleotide (nt) mini-exon to the(More)
We show that the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) promoter can efficiently direct expression of protein-coding genes in the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei. The rRNA promoter was characterized by: (i) point mutations at the rRNA transcription initiation site which completely abolished its promoter function in transient CAT transformation assays; (ii) the(More)
Seven cyanobacterial strains (Anabaena macrospora NIER10016, Oscillatoria sp. NIER10042, Microcystis aeruginosa NIER10015, M. ichtyoblabe NIER10025 and NIER10040, M. novacekii NIER10029, and M. wesenbergii NIER10068) were tested by a nonfluorescent in situ hybridization method using two specific horseradish peroxidase–labeled oligonucleotide probes and two(More)
We studied the spatial organization of chromatin in the interphase G1, S and G2 nucleus of the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei, applying in situ hybridization with conventional fluorescence and confocal scanning optical microscopy. The majority of the trypanosome telomere GGGTTA repeats from different chromosomes were found clustered together, either extending(More)
Two types of largest subunit RNA polymerase II (pol II) genes (pol IIA and pol IIB), differing in 3 amino acid substitutions, are encoded in the Trypanosoma brucei (stock 427-60) genome. As a result, the alpha-amanitin-resistant transcription of the procyclic acidic repetitive protein (PARP) and variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes was proposed to(More)
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