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Height is a complex genetic trait that involves multiple genetic loci. Recently, 44 loci associated with height were identified in Caucasian individuals by large-scale genome-wide association (GWA) studies. To identify genetic variants influencing height in the Korean population, we analyzed GWA data from 8842 Korean individuals and identified 15 genomic(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are major components of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and are essential for their growth and survival. They act as a structural barrier and play an important role in the interaction with eukaryotic hosts. Here we demonstrate that a photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium strain, symbiont of Aeschynomene legumes, synthesizes a(More)
The Bradyrhizobium japonicum NtrBC two-component system is a critical regulator of cellular nitrogen metabolism, including the acquisition and catabolism of nitrogenous compounds. To better define the roles of this system, genome-wide transcriptional profiling was performed to identify the NtrC regulon during the response to nitrogen limitation. Upon cells(More)
Flavonoids, secondary plant metabolites which mainly have a polyphenolic structure, play an important role in plant-microbe communications for nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. Among 10 polyphenolic compounds isolated from soybean roots in our previous study, coumestrol showed the highest antioxidant activity. In this study, its effect on the soybean nodulation(More)
AIMS This study investigated the hepatoprotective effects of low doses of curcumin against liver damage induced by chronic alcohol intake and a high-fat diet. We also examined several potential underlying mechanisms including action on alcohol metabolism, antioxidant activity, AMPK level and lipid metabolism. MAIN METHOD Alcohol (25% v/v, 5 g/kg body(More)
Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a nitrogen-fixing bacterium in soil, establishes a symbiotic relationship with the leguminous soybean plant. Despite a mutualistic association between the two partners, the host plant produces an oxidative burst to protect itself from the invasion of rhizobial cells. We investigated the effects of H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidative stress(More)
Propionibacterium acnes has been known to be involved in the pathology of acne. However, the definite mechanism in the development of acne and the inflammation are unknown. For P. acnes, a transformation method has not been established, although it is believed to be a basic tool for gene manipulation. This study attempted to develop a P. acnes(More)
Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a nitrogen-fixing symbiont of soybean. In previous studies, transcriptomic profiling of B. japonicum USDA110, grown under various environmental conditions, revealed the highly induced gene aceA, encoding isocitrate lyase (ICL). The ICL catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate to succinate and glyoxylate in the glyoxylate bypass of(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) appeal to the forensic DNA community because of their abundance in the human genome, low mutation rate, small amplicon size, and feasibility of high-throughput genotyping technologies.In an initial screening, we identified six SNP markers of sex determination by resequencing the amelogenin genes and the zinc finger(More)
A genome-wide transcriptional profile of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the nitrogen-fixing endosymbiont of the soybean plant, revealed differential expression of approximately 15% of the genome after a 1 mM treatment with the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). A total of 1,323 genes were differentially expressed (619 up-regulated and 704 down-regulated)(More)