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The observation of ferromagnetism in magnetic ion doped II–VI diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMSs) and oxides, and later in (Ga,Mn)As materials has inspired a great deal of research interest in a field dubbed " spintronics " of late, which could pave the way to exploit spin in addition to charge in semiconductor devices. The main challenge for practical(More)
The possible importance of zinc-oxide-based optoelectronic devices is reviewed in this paper, which places special emphasis on the need to achieve p-type ZnO. ABSTRACT | ZnO is an attractive material for applications in electronics, photonics, acoustics, and sensing. In optical emitters, its high exciton binding energy (60 meV) gives ZnO an edge over other(More)
— Although started as red indicator lights based on the GaP:N system, replacing only the nixie (Numeric Indicator eXperimental No. 1) tube, LEDs have become quite a high performance device of late and are revolutionizing the display and illumination sectors of our economy. Presently, the GaN based light emitters adorn the automobiles, traffic lights, moving(More)
Compact and efficient sources of blue light for full color display applications and lighting eluded and tantalized researchers for many years. Semiconductor light sources are attractive owing to their reliability and amenability to mass manufacture. However, large band gaps are required to achieve blue color. A class of compound semiconductors formed by(More)
Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of large-area (120 microm x 980 microm) GaAs/AlGaAs graded-refractive-index separate-confinement heterostructure lasers on (100) Si substrates has been obtained. Minimum threshold-current densities of 214 A/cm(2) (1900-microm cavity length), maximum slope efficiencies of about 0.8 W/A (600-microm cavity length),(More)
Piezoelectric effects in GaN/AlGaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) have been directly probed by picosecond time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The time-resolved PL spectra of the 40 Å well MQWs reveal that the PL transition peak position is in fact blueshifted at early delay times due to the collective effects of quantum confinement of(More)