Learn More
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is one of the most common neoplasms in Iran. Secondary prevention (colorectal cancer screening) is important and a most valuable method of early diagnosis of this cancer. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors associated with colorectal cancer screening adherence among Iranians 50 years and older using the(More)
AIM Spiritual well-being is known as a main resource for adjustment and coping when confronted with stressful situations such as managing a chronic disease. The aim of this study is to determine the very relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life in hemodialysis patients. METHODS A convenience sample of 95 patients with end-stage renal(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is a serious health problem. Early detection of colorectal cancer is crucial for treatment and reducing mortality. Beliefs related to colorectal cancer have been found to be a factor in a person's decision about colorectal cancer screening programs. To determine such beliefs, a valid and reliable instrument is necessary. (More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the predictive role of religious coping in quality of life of breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS This multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran, Iran, from October 2014 to May 2015. A total of 224 women with breast cancer completed measures of socio-demographic information,(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis patients have a high physical and psychosocial symptom burden. There is no valid and reliable tool for assessing symptoms of hemodialysis patients in Iran. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine psychometric properties of the Persian version of the dialysis symptom index (DSI). PATIENTS AND METHODS The forward-backward(More)
BACKGROUND Effective leadership is of prime importance in any organization and it goes through changes based on accepted health promotion and behavior change theory. Although there are many leadership styles, transformational leadership, which emphasizes supportive leadership behaviors, seems to be an appropriate style in many settings particularly in the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the existing literature on the central role of socioeconomic status (SES; education and income) for maintaining health, less is known about group differences in this effect. Built on the intersectionality approach, this study compared race by gender groups for the effects of baseline education and income on sustained health problems in(More)
BACKGROUND Children with febrile seizures (FS) are at higher risk of developing epilepsy. There is robust literature on epilepsy with onset in childhood following FS but very little on the same issue in adults. AIMS We intended to assess the association between adult-onset epilepsy and history of childhood FS. SETTINGS The neurology clinic of a(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of a workshop on supportive leadership behaviour (SLB) on the performance of head nurses, using a randomized controlled trial design. BACKGROUND The effect of transformational leadership on SLB in nursing management is emphasised. METHODS A total of 110 head nurses working at university hospitals were included randomly in two(More)
Evidence indicates that nutrients and minerals might play an important role in preterm delivery (PTD). The aim of this study was to determine maternal nutritional status during second trimester of pregnancy and its association with preterm delivery (<34 weeks gestation) in Iranian women. In a large scale longitudinal study, 1033 pregnant women were(More)