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One thousand post-mortem reports were analysed retrospectively to see whether the patient had had a nosocomial or community-acquired infection and whether this led directly to or contributed to the patient's death. In 7.4% of all autopsies nosocomial infection was the direct cause of death. In 6.3% of the patients, nosocomial infection was a contributory(More)
Apart from one article published by Rabl and Sigrist in 1992 (Rechtsmedizin 2:156–158), there are no further reports on secondary skull fractures in shots from captive bolt guns. Up to now, the pertinent literature places particular emphasis on the absence of indirect lesions away from the impact point, when dealing with the wounding capacity of(More)
Tooth aspiration in adulthood is an uncommon autopsy finding. The paper presents two cases in which maxillary incisors had been avulsed and inhaled during hospital treatment and in the course of maxillofacial trauma, respectively. In the first case, repeated attempts to remove the aspirated tooth by means of flexible bronchoscopy led to perforation of the(More)
Suicidal shots fired simultaneously to the head from two handguns are rare. The authors report about a recent case in which a Smith & Wesson cal. 9 mm pistol and a Smith & Wesson cal. .357 Magnum revolver were used. Sitting on a sofa, a 33-year-old man (member of a shooting club) fired two simultaneous shots to the head; the pistol held in the left hand was(More)
In modern medico-legal literature, only a small number of publications deal with fatal injuries from black powder guns. Most of them focus on the morphological features such as intense soot soiling, blast tattooing and burn effects in close-range shots or describe the wound ballistics of spherical lead bullets. Another kind of “unusual” and potentially(More)
In current forensic practice, fatal injuries from black powder guns are rare events. In contact and close-range shots, the intensity of GSR deposition (soot, powder particles) is much greater than that in shots with smokeless powder ammunition. The same applies to any burning effects from the combustion gases. Besides, a wad of felt interposed between the(More)
Machetes (Spanish-American matchets) are sharp, long knives with a broad blade having a slightly curved edge and a thick back. They are used for clearing paths in rough, densely wooded areas. Just like axes and swords they are suitable for causing not only soft tissue wounds, but also deep slashes in the underlying bone. In military conflicts (especially in(More)
Suicides by self-poisoning are common in all parts of the world. Among these intoxications, gases are rarely used, especially carbon dioxide (CO2). Very few cases of self-inflicted and deliberate carbon dioxide poisonings have been reported. This paper presents two uncommon suicides by carbon dioxide intoxication. In one case, a 53-year-old man tightly(More)
Subsequent to previous reports on the morphology of injuries from slaughterer's guns a case of suicide with atypical entrance wound findings is reported from the Freiburg autopsy material. The livestock stunner used did not have the smoke conduits usually opening into the muzzle end. Accordingly the entrance wound was not associated with any roundish or(More)
Report on three homicides, in which apart from other kinds of mechanical traumas there were also injuries due to stabs with a screwdriver; in one case a screwdriver with a cross-shaped tip was used; in the two other cases the weapon was a regular blade screwdriver with a single-edged tip. Supplementing the systematic studies by Brinkmann and Kleiber (Arch.(More)