Hadewijch M Vanhooren

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BACKGROUND Years after removal from exposure, workers with occupational asthma still show respiratory symptoms and airway hyperresponsiveness on re-exposure to the offending agent. OBJECTIVE We investigated the persistence of the respiratory responsiveness to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in a mouse model. METHODS BALB/C mice received dermal applications(More)
The objective of the study was to characterize better the immunologic mechanisms underlying a previously developed animal model of chemical-induced asthma. BALB/c and severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) mice received toluene diisocyanate (TDI) or vehicle on each ear on day 1 and/or day 7. On day 10, they were intranasally challenged with TDI or(More)
Our previous in vitro studies indicated that emulsion polyvinyl chloride (PVC) particles (PVC-E3), with a mean diameter of 2 microm, exhibited a moderate toxicity in different pulmonary cell cultures. The in vitro cytotoxicity and pro-inflammatory potential of PVC-E3 particles were reduced when the additives had been "washed off" (PVC-W3), indicating that(More)
BACKGROUND Occupational asthma can be caused by chemicals. Previously, we established a murine model of immunologically mediated chemical-induced asthma using toluene diisocyanate. OBJECTIVE We sought to verify this model using trimellitic anhydride (TMA), a respiratory sensitizer, and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB), a dermal sensitizer. METHODS(More)
A piperidinyl chlorotriazine (PCT) derivative, used as a plastic UV-stabilizer, caused an outbreak of occupational asthma. We verified, in BALB/c mice, the sensitizing potential of PCT in comparison to a known respiratory sensitizer (toluene diisocyanate [TDI]) and a known dermal sensitizer (oxazolone), using three different methods in order to evaluate the(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating disease without proper treatment. Despite intensive research, the exact underlying pathogenesis remains elusive. It is regarded as a continuous injury, resulting in inflammation, infiltration, and proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition, leading to an irreversible restrictive lung(More)
BACKGROUND The warm ischemic period in non-heart-beating donor lungs may contribute to a higher degree of ischemia-reperfusion injury after lung transplantation. We investigated the impact and timing of administration of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on inflammatory parameters. METHODS Ischemia (I) was induced by clamping the hilum of the left lung for 90(More)
Clinical studies revealed that azithromycin reduces airway neutrophilia during chronic rejection after lung transplantation. Our aim was to investigate the possible effect of azithromycin on ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Azithromycin or water was administered to mice every other day during 2 weeks (n = 6/group). On the 14th day, the left lung was clamped to(More)
OBJECTIVES Asbestos bodies (AB) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can be detected by light microscopy and their concentration is indicative of past cumulative asbestos exposure. We assessed clinical and exposure characteristics, as well as possible time trends, among patients in whom AB had been quantified in BAL. METHODS BAL samples obtained from 578(More)
Occupational exposure to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) particles has been associated with interstitial lung disease. Our previous study showed that a single intratracheal instillation of emulsion PVC particles, with or without residual additives, induces acute but transient alveolitis in a dose-dependent manner in rats. The aim of the present study was to(More)