Habiba Bougherara

Learn More
Intramedullary nails are commonly used to repair femoral fractures. Fractures in normal healthy bone often occur in the young during motor vehicle accidents. Although clinically beneficial, bone refracture and implant failure persist. Large variations in human femur quality and geometry have motivated recent experimental use of synthetic femurs that mimic(More)
Biomechanical assessments of orthopaedic fracture fixation constructs are increasingly using commercially available analogues such as the fourth-generation composite femur (4GCF). The aim of this study was to compare cancellous screw purchase directly between these surrogates and human femurs, which has not been done previously. Synthetic and human femurs(More)
To study the direction and biomechanical consequences of hip center of rotation (HCOR) migration in Crowe type III and VI hips after total hip arthroplasty, post-operative radiographs and CT scans of several unilaterally affected hips were evaluated. Using a three-dimensional model of the human hip, the HCOR was moved in all directions, and joint reaction(More)
Humerus shaft fracture fixation is largely dependent on cortical screw purchase in host bone. Only 2 prior studies assessed cortical screw purchase in human humeral shafts, but were of very limited scope and did not fully assess humerus material properties. Also, no studies evaluated the human dried or artificial humeri both commercially available from(More)
BACKGROUND The bone loss associated with revision surgery or pathology has been the impetus for developing modular revision total hip prostheses. Few studies have assessed these modular implants quantitatively from a mechanical standpoint. METHODS Three-dimensional finite element (FE) models were developed to mimic a hip implant alone (Construct A) and a(More)
This study proposes a novel hybrid total knee replacement (TKR) design to improve stress transfer to bone in the distal femur and, thereby, reduce stress shielding and consequent bone loss. Three-dimensional finite element (FE) models were developed for a standard and a hybrid TKR and validated experimentally. The Duracon knee system (Stryker Canada) was(More)
Biomechanical researchers increasingly use commercially available and experimentally validated synthetic femurs to mimic human femurs. However, the choice of cancellous bone density for these artificial femurs appears to be done arbitrarily. The aim of the work reported in this paper was to examine the effect of synthetic cancellous bone density on the(More)
Adaptive bone remodeling is an important factor that leads to bone resorption in the surrounding femoral bone and implant loosening. Taking into account this factor in the design of hip implants is of clinical importance, because it allows the prediction of the bone-density redistribution and enables the monitoring of bone adaptation after prosthetic(More)
Short-stem hip implants are increasingly common since they preserve host bone stock and presumably reduce stress shielding by improving load distribution in the proximal femur. Stress shielding may lead to decreased bone density, implant loosening, and fracture. However, few biomechanical studies have examined short-stem hip implants. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Intramedullary nails are the primary choice for treating long bone fractures. However, complications following nail surgery including non-union, delayed union, and fracture of the bone or the implant still exist. Reducing nail stiffness while still maintaining sufficient stability seems to be the ideal solution to overcome the abovementioned(More)