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OBJECTIVES To assess the value of positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) with either (18)F-choline and/or (11)C-acetate, of residual or recurrent tumour after radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of <1 ng/mL and referred for adjuvant or salvage radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all,(More)
The recent introduction of high-resolution molecular imaging technology is considered by many experts as a major breakthrough that will potentially lead to a revolutionary paradigm shift in health care and revolutionize clinical practice. This paper intends to balance the capabilities of the two major molecular imaging modalities used in nuclear medicine,(More)
Until recently, the most widely used methods for image reconstruction were direct analytic techniques. Iterative techniques, although computationally much more intensive, produce improved images (principally arising from more accurate modeling of the acquired projection data), enabling these techniques to replace analytic techniques not only in research(More)
Monte Carlo techniques have become popular in different areas of medical physics with advantage of powerful computing systems. In particular, they have been extensively applied to simulate processes involving random behavior and to quantify physical parameters that are difficult or even impossible to calculate by experimental measurements. Recent nuclear(More)
The operation of the bowtie filter in x-ray CT is correct if the object being scanned is properly centered in the scanner's field-of-view. Otherwise, the dose delivered to the patient and image noise will deviate from optimal setting. We investigate the effect of miscentering on image noise and surface dose on three commercial CT scanners. Six cylindrical(More)
PURPOSE Accurate and robust image segmentation was identified as one of the most challenging issues facing PET quantification in oncological imaging. This difficulty is compounded by the low spatial resolution and high noise characteristics of PET images. The fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering algorithm was largely used in various medical image segmentation(More)
Reliable attenuation correction methods for quantitative emission CT (ECT) require accurate delineation of the body contour and often necessitate knowledge of internal anatomic structure. Two broad classes of methods have been used to calculate the attenuation map: transmission-less and transmission-based attenuation correction techniques. Whereas(More)
In the early days of PET, the partial volume effect (PVE) was identified as a serious factor affecting image quality and limiting the accuracy of quantitative analysis. Because of the limited spatial resolution of clinical PET systems, the images are blurred by the system response so that smaller objects appear larger. Although the total number of counts is(More)
In nuclear medicine, clinical assessment and diagnosis are generally based on qualitative assessment of the distribution pattern of radiotracers used. In addition, emission tomography (SPECT and PET) imaging methods offer the possibility of quantitative assessment of tracer concentration in vivo to quantify relevant parameters in clinical and research(More)
The Ingenuity TF PET-MRI is a newly released whole-body hybrid PET-MR imaging system with a Philips time-of-flight GEMINI TF PET and Achieva 3T X-series MRI system. Compared to PET-CT, modifications to the positron emission tomography (PET) gantry were made to avoid mutual system interference and deliver uncompromising performance which is equivalent to the(More)