Habib Khemira

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The effect of hydrogen cyanamide (HC) on dormancy release, antioxidant enzyme’s activity and proline and free polyamine contents were investigated in ‘Superior Seedless’ grapevine buds. HC application caused a sharp decrease of catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6) activity and a transient stimulation during the 5 days following treatment of peroxidase (POD, EC(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NaCl-salinity on the physiological attributes in common reed, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel. Plants grew optimally under salinity treatment with standard nutrient solution without added salt and at NaCl concentrations up to 100 mM. Applied for 21 days, NaCl-salinity (300 and 500 mM)(More)
Several techniques have been developed to quantify the degree of embolism of the xylem using hydraulic conductance. Although there have been several improvements to these techniques, their reliability is still questionable and many technical pitfalls persist. We are proposing here a manometric approach to improve the accuracy of xylem cavitation measurement(More)
The reliability of a double-ended pressure sleeve technique was evaluated on three woody angiosperm species with contrasting maximum vessel lengths. Vulnerability curves (VCs) were constructed by varying sample length and the size of the pressure sleeves. VCs were compared against curves obtained with reference techniques. For the two diffuse-porous(More)
We examined the effects of drought on the water relations, osmotic adjustment and xylem vulnerability to embolism of olive (Olea europaea L.) varieties, 'Meski' and 'Chemlali'. Two-year-old self-rooted cuttings growing in sand-filled pots in a greenhouse were subjected to water stress by withholding water for 60 days. Water relations and gas exchange(More)
Leaf physiological and biochemical adaptive strategies and more particularly the possible involvement of polyamines and polyphenols in salt stress tolerance were investigated. Three almond rootstocks (GN15, GF677 and bitter almond) were subjected to 0, 25, 50 and 75 mM NaCl for 30 days. The dry mass of leaves, stems and roots decreased with increasing salt(More)
In this study, we compared the efficacy of defense mechanisms against severe water deficit in the leaves of two olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars, ‘Chemlali’ and ‘Meski’, reputed drought resistant and drought sensitive, respectively. Two-year old plants growing in sand filled 10-dm3 pots were not watered for 2 months. Changes in chlorophyll fluorescence(More)
The present study deal with the physiological behavior of Phragmites communis under salt stress. The effects of salinity on growth, dry weight partitioning, water status and ion content were studied on seedlings of P. communis fed with nutrient solutions containing 0 to 600 mM NaCl. The plants grew best when irrigated with distilled water; biomass(More)
The potential of four essential cations (K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+) and Fe(2+)) to alleviate salt toxicity was studied in sage (Salvia officinalis L.) plants grown in pots. Two concentrations of the following chloride salts: KCl, CaCl₂, MgCl₂ and FeCl₃, were used together with 100mM NaCl to study the effects of these nutrients on plant growth, leaf essential oils(More)
In water-limited areas of Tunisia, more than 30% of subsurface water used for irrigation is saline water, leading to a long-term salinization and degradation processes. To prevent the problems and to minimize the negative impact of using saline water, selection of proper germplasm as well as integrated soil and water management are essential. Understanding(More)