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The endothelin system is composed of three endothelin isoforms (ET-1, ET-2, and ET-3), the endothelin receptors ETA and ETB, and the endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE). Besides having a major vasoactive role, endothelins have roles in different cell types at a local level. We investigated the presence of the different components of the endothelin system in(More)
High blood pressure results in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, increased thickness and stiffness of large artery walls, and decreased renal function. The objective of our study was to assess the role of endothelin, angiotensin II, and high blood pressure in the end-organ damage observed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). For this purpose, SHR were(More)
Mibefradil and amlodipine are calcium antagonists with different channel selectivities. Mibefradil blocks both L- and T-type calcium channels; although in the usual pharmacological doses, it predominantly blocks the T-type channels. In contrast, amlodipine selectively blocks L-type channels. The goal of the present study was to assess whether this(More)
Rhabdomyolysis and other causes of massive myoglobin release are often complicated by an acute ischemic renal failure. We tested the hypothesis that endothelin-1, the most potent renal vasoconstrictor known, plays a role in the renal toxicity of myoglobin. For this purpose, we induced rhabdomyolysis (8 ml/kg i.m. of a 50% glycerol solution) in rats(More)
Objectives: Recent studies have shown that beside elevated arterial blood pressure, humoral factors such as angiotensin II, aldosterone. endothelin or bradykinin might play a role in the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis secondary to hypertension. In addition, it seems that perivascular fibrosis and interstitial fibrosis are controlled by independent(More)
We reported previously that targeted expression of rat prorenin to the liver under the control of the human alpha1-antitrypsin promoter increased plasma prorenin levels by several-hundred-fold in male transgenic rats and caused cardiac hypertrophy, severe renal lesions, and myocardial fibrosis by 20 weeks of age, despite normal blood pressure. We examined(More)
Exposure to hyperoxia results in endothelial necrosis followed by type II cell proliferation. This suggests that type II cells are resistant to hyperoxia. Oxygen-induced lung injury may result from an overproduction of oxygen metabolites normally scavenged by antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, catalase and reduced(More)
Bleomycin (BLM) induces lung inflammation and subsequent fibrosis in human and in animal models. Alveolar epithelial type 2 cells (T2 cells) are known to play a crucial role in the repair process after BLM injury. We hypothesized that resistance of T2 cells to BLM-damage was associated with an increase in their antioxidant system activity. We developed an(More)
Hypertension results in increased thickness and stiffness of large artery walls. The goal of our study was to assess the respective roles of humoral factors such as Ang II, endothelin and blood pressure in these aortic modifications. For this purpose, uninephrectomized rats received DOCA and high salt diet, and when hypertension was installed, they were(More)
Serum pseudocholinesterase activity in pregnant women was assayed spectrophotometrically using either propionylthiocholine or suxamethonium as substrate. All patients had a normal phenotype as indicated by normal dibucaine and fluoride numbers. However, the mean cholinesterase activity was lower than in the general population. There was a negative(More)