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We have identified and characterized zebrafish eve1, a novel member of the Drosophila even-skipped (eve) gene family. eve1 RNAs are expressed initially in late blastulae with a peak during the gastrula stage, at which time expression is confined to ventral and lateral cells of the marginal zone of the zebrafish embryo. Later, eve1 transcripts are located in(More)
Gastrulation and formation of the neural plate are major steps in early vertebrate embryogenesis. Although morphogenetic movements leading to the formation of the primary germ layers have been extensively described, the mechanisms governing migration of mesodermal cells and their interactions with ectoderm remain ill-defined. A large body of evidence(More)
Osteoblasts from calvaria of 18-day-old fetal Sprague-Dawley rats were isolated using a dissecting procedure followed by collagenase digestion. Freshly isolated or previously frozen cells were cultured for up to 4 weeks in a Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and 50 micrograms/ml ascorbic acid, with or without 10 mM(More)
This paper deals with the first identification of a caudal cDNA containing a homeobox of the Drosophila caudal family in the zebrafish. A cDNA library from late gastrula stage embryos was constructed and screened with a mouse Cdx 1 homeobox probe. A 1.6 kb cDNA clone containing a homeobox related to other caudal homeoboxes was isolated and called(More)
One of the initial events required for the expression of cartilage-specific macromolecules in monolayer cultures is the reversion to the initial round shape of chondrocytes. Thus, considerable research efforts have focused on developing reliable procedures to maintain a round morphology of cultured chondrocytes. Our study focuses on evaluating the response(More)
The effects of 1,2-propanediol, a cryoprotectant used for the freezing of embryos, were tested on the organization of microtubules and microfilaments in mouse oocytes arrested in metaphase II. At low doses (less than or equal to 1.0 M), 1,2-propanediol induced disorganization of the meiotic spindle but at 1.5 M and higher, it stabilized the spindle.(More)
The zebrafish Sox-19 belongs to the Sry subfamily of HMG (Hight Mobility Group) box genes and is closely related to the Sox sub-group B, comprising the mouse Sox-1, Sox-2 and Sox-3 genes, with respect to both HMG box homology (95.3%) and neural expression during embryogenesis. Analysis of Sox-19 expression during embryogenesis by whole-mount in-situ(More)
In this study, we have investigated the behavior of fetal rat osteoblasts cultured on bioactive glasses with 55 wt% silica content (55S) and on a bioinert glass (60S) used either in the form of granules or in the form of disks. In the presence of Bioglass granules (55 wt% silica content), phase contrast microscopy permitted step-by-step visualization of the(More)
The even-skipped-related homeobox genes (evx) are widely distributed through animal kingdom and are thought to play key role in posterior body patterning and neurogenesis. We have cloned and analyzed the expression of evx1 in zebrafish (see also Borday et al. (Dev. Dyn. 220 (2001) in press) which displays a dynamic and restricted expression pattern during(More)
In amphibian embryos, fibronectin (FN) assembles as a fibrillar network on the roof of the blastocoel cavity, preceding mesodermal cell migration. Local inversion of the ectoderm to produce a site where no FN is available prevents mesodermal cell migration. Microinjection of monovalent antibodies to FN arrests gastrulation. A complete inhibition of(More)