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The main objective of the review is to document, assess and analyze the results of the previously reported data on levels of different pesticides in selected fruits and vegetables from Pakistan. The findings of the previous studies clearly indicated that more than 50 % of the samples were contaminated with organophosphate, pyrethroids and organochlorine(More)
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common type of nosocomial infections. Patients with indwelling urinary catheters are at the highest risk of getting infected. The antibacterial effects of silver compounds have been known to man kind for ancient times. It has recently been found that silver nanoparticles possess significant antibacterial(More)
289 patients with TB, presented to a single tertiary care unit in Saudi Arabia between 1989 and 1994. The isolate from each patient was tested for in vitro susceptibility to rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, pyrazinamide and streptomycin. 25 patients (8.7%) had isolates resistant to at least 1 anti-tuberculous drug. Single drug resistance (SDR)-mainly(More)
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an acute respiratory disease mainly affecting infants and children and is caused by Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis. The aim of this study was to investigate the share of Bordetella species from potential whooping cough cases during 2005-2009. Eight hundred and two samples from suspected pertussis cases(More)
The consumption of contaminated drinking water is one of the major causes of mortality and many severe diseases in developing countries. The principal drinking water sources in Pakistan, i.e. ground and surface water, are subject to geogenic and anthropogenic trace metal contamination. However, water quality monitoring activities have been limited to a few(More)
We present here an analysis of 888 unrelated beta-thal chromosomes consisting of 444 transfusion dependent children from various regions of Punjab and Islamabad Pakistan. By using Multiplex ARMS- PCR, restriction endonuclease analysis, allele specific oligonucleotide (ASO) hybridization and sequencing, 17 beta-thal mutations and 3 Hb variants were detected(More)
In this paper, we present a novel technique of building hybrid decision support systems which integrates traditional decision support systems with agent based models for use in breast cancer analysis for better prediction and recommendation. Our system is based on using queries from data (converted to a standardized electronic template) to provide for(More)
Although a whole-cell pertussis vaccine was introduced in Pakistan in 1980, little is known about the pertussis prevalence and circulating strains in Pakistan. The aim of this study was to analyze Bordetella parapertussis isolates circulating between 2005 and 2009 in Pakistan and to compare them with those found in other countries during different periods.(More)
BACKGROUND Type IV PHA synthase is a key enzyme responsible for catalyzing the formation of non-toxic, biocompatible, and biodegradable short-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (scl-PHA) under the growth-limiting conditions in the members of the genus Bacillus. RESULTS The comparative in vitro and in silico analysis of the phaC subunit of type IV PHA(More)
A protein designated Bap-5 (GenBank accession no. AF081494) or BapC (GenBank accession no. AJ277634) has been identified as a member of the Bordetella pertussis autotransporter family and the present work suggests that this protein, like the previously characterised BrkA, is a Bvg-regulated serum resistance factor and virulence determinant. B. pertussis(More)