Habib Adrang

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SUMMARY In this paper, closed-form analytical equations for the time-domain amplitude of the MOS cross-coupled oscillators are derived. The procedure of the paper is based on estimating an accurate equation for describing the behavior of the cross-coupled MOS configurations and finding a reasonable solution for the nonlinear differential equation governing(More)
This paper presents the analysis and simulation of second-order charge pump phase-locked loop by applying the phase step at the entrance and calculates the fast lock and transient time and the effects of loop parameters such as capacitor, resistor, loo filter current, control voltage oscillator at the at the fast lock investigated and plotted in the diagram(More)
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