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Intravenous injection of hemoglobin-containing liposomes (LEH) caused a significant reduction in plasma hemolytic complement activity in rats on a time scale of minutes. Liposomes without hemoglobin also caused complement consumption, but less than LEH, while free hemoglobin was without effect. Consistent with complement activation, the LEH-induced drop in(More)
Let (X,ω) be a symplectic manifold with compatible almost–complex structure J . If g and m are non–negative integers, we denote by Mg,m the Deligne–Mumford space of genus–g curves with m marked points. If furthermore A ∈ H2(X,Z) denotes a degree–2 homology class of X, Mg,m(X,A) will be the space of stable genus–g J–holomorphic maps to X with homology class(More)
UV irradiation induces in vitro and in vivo immunosuppression. Because mobilization of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) represents a central step in cell activation and immune response, we investigated the effect of UV irradiation on Ca2+ homeostasis. Using indo-1 and cytofluorometry, [Ca2+]i kinetics in UVC- or UVB-exposed human peripheral blood leukocytes(More)
Intravenous administration of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH) in rats led to an early (within 15 min) decline of hemolytic complement (C) activity in the plasma along with a significant, parallel rise in thromboxane B2 (TXB2) levels. The TXB2 response was inhibited by co-administration of soluble C receptor type 1 (sCR1) with LEH, as well as by C(More)
We have examined the effects of administration of the blood substitute, liposome-encapsulated haemoglobin (LEH), in the normovolaemic rat. Test groups included LEH, lyophilized EH, the liposome vehicle, unencapsulated haemoglobin and normal saline, which were injected into the tail vein (n = 6; n = 3 for sham and saline groups). Administration of LEH (2.5 g(More)
Liposome encapsulated hemoglobin is being developed as an artificial resuscitative fluid for in vivo oxygen delivery. In the present report, we examine the effect of accumulation of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin on the structure of reticuloendothelial organs following administration of liposome encapsulated bovine hemoglobin in the normovolemic rat. We(More)
Hirzebruch surfaces Fk provide an excellent example to underline the fact that in general symplectic manifolds, Gromov–Witten invariants might well count curves in the boundary components of the moduli spaces. We use this example to explain in detail that the counting argument given by Batyrev in [Bat93] for toric manifolds does not work (also see [Sie99,(More)
Liposome Encapsulated Hemoglobin (LEH) has been the focus of research and development at the Naval Research Laboratory in an effort to find a viable oxygen-carrying resuscitative fluid. Previous reports from our laboratory have shown that LEH binds and releases oxygen in a manner similar to red blood cells, and that it can sustain life when red cell(More)
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