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Intravenous injection of hemoglobin-containing liposomes (LEH) caused a significant reduction in plasma hemolytic complement activity in rats on a time scale of minutes. Liposomes without hemoglobin also caused complement consumption, but less than LEH, while free hemoglobin was without effect. Consistent with complement activation, the LEH-induced drop in(More)
UV irradiation induces in vitro and in vivo immunosuppression. Because mobilization of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) represents a central step in cell activation and immune response, we investigated the effect of UV irradiation on Ca2+ homeostasis. Using indo-1 and cytofluorometry, [Ca2+]i kinetics in UVC- or UVB-exposed human peripheral blood leukocytes(More)
Liposome encapsulated hemoglobin is being developed as an artificial resuscitative fluid for in vivo oxygen delivery. In the present report, we examine the effect of accumulation of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin on the structure of reticuloendothelial organs following administration of liposome encapsulated bovine hemoglobin in the normovolemic rat. We(More)
Intravenous administration of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH) in rats led to an early (within 15 min) decline of hemolytic complement (C) activity in the plasma along with a significant, parallel rise in thromboxane B2 (TXB2) levels. The TXB2 response was inhibited by co-administration of soluble C receptor type 1 (sCR1) with LEH, as well as by C(More)
Liposome Encapsulated Hemoglobin (LEH) has been the focus of research and development at the Naval Research Laboratory in an effort to find a viable oxygen-carrying resuscitative fluid. Previous reports from our laboratory have shown that LEH binds and releases oxygen in a manner similar to red blood cells, and that it can sustain life when red cell(More)
We have examined the effects of administration of the blood substitute, liposome-encapsulated haemoglobin (LEH), in the normovolaemic rat. Test groups included LEH, lyophilized EH, the liposome vehicle, unencapsulated haemoglobin and normal saline, which were injected into the tail vein (n = 6; n = 3 for sham and saline groups). Administration of LEH (2.5 g(More)
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