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Amylin is a polypeptide of 37 amino acids, predominantly synthesized in pancreatic Beta cells. The peptide was suggested to be dysregulated in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and it antagonized certain actions of insulin in vitro in rat muscle. This led to speculation that amylin is involved in the pathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes. We have(More)
We hypothesized that short-term calorie restriction would blunt luteinizing hormone (LH) hypersecretion in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and thereby ameliorate the anovulatory endocrine milieu. To test this hypothesis, 15 obese patients with PCOS and nine age- and body mass index-matched healthy women underwent 24-h blood sampling to(More)
The objective of this study was to present the long-term results of total adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease. Forty-four patients undergoing total adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease between 1953 and 1989 at Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands, were studied retrospectively. Remission was achieved in 42 patients (95%), with a mean duration of(More)
1. Animals made diabetic by injection of streptozotocin or animals after 3 days of fasting show decreased insulin levels and a decrease in mean cell diameter of adipocytes from epidydymal fat pads in comparison with cells from normal animals. 2. 14CO2 production from D-[U-14C]glucose is impaired in diabetic and fasted animals both in presence or in absence(More)
Recently, we described a leprechaun patient with a genetically transmitted severe insulin resistance due to the absence of functional insulin receptors as inferred from the loss of insulin binding to the patients' fibroblasts and the impaired autophosphorylation of the β-chain of the receptor. This patient was homozygous for the genetic defect which was(More)
BACKGROUND The preferred treatment of Cushing's disease (CD) nowadays is transsphenoidal pituitary surgery (TPS). Prior to TPS, patients at the Leiden University Medical Centre were treated by unilateral adrenalectomy followed by external pituitary irradiation (UAPI). We report on long-term results of both UAPI and TPS and compare remission, relapse rates,(More)
Insulin resistance contributes to the metabolic defects in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Anorectic agents have been shown to improve insulin action in NIDDM, irrespective of weight reduction. The serotonin-reuptake inhibiting agent fluoxetine has recently been recognized as an anorectic agent. The effect of fluoxetine on insulin action(More)
Mitotane is considered to be the drug of choice for patients with inoperable, recurrent and metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma, although a favourable effect of this drug on survival has never been documented. We evaluated the efficacy of mitotane treatment of 96 patients with adrenocortical carcinoma followed up in our department between 1959 and 1992.(More)
A method is described for the enzymatic synthesis of 5’-adenylyl imidodiphosphate labeled with a2P at the a! position (AMP-PNP-cx-~~P), an analogue of ATP containing nitrogen substituted for oxygen between the terminal phosphates. The nucleotide is only slowly hydrolyzed during incubation with rat liver plasma membranes and is a substrate for adenyl cyclase(More)