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BACKGROUND BCR-ABL is a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase that causes chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Since tyrosine kinase activity is essential to the transforming function of BCR-ABL, an inhibitor of the kinase could be an effective treatment for CML. METHODS We conducted a phase 1, dose-escalating trial of STI571 (formerly known as CGP 57148B),(More)
BACKGROUND BCR-ABL, a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase, is the product of the Philadelphia chromosome. This enzyme is present in virtually all cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) throughout the course of the disease, and in 20 percent of cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). On the basis of the substantial activity of the inhibitor in(More)
Standardized criteria for assessing response are essential to ensure comparability among clinical trials for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). An international working group of experienced clinicians involved in the management of patients with MDS reviewed currently used response definitions and developed a uniform set of guidelines for future(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of Hyper-CVAD (fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone), a dose-intensive regimen, in adult acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Adults with newly diagnosed ALL referred since 1992 were entered onto the study; treatment was initiated in 204 patients between(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the dose rate of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) that maximizes the accumulation of the active 5'-triphosphate (dFdCTP) in circulating leukemia cells during therapy. The investigational approach was to evaluate the relationship between plasma dFdC and the accumulation of dFdCTP by circulating leukemia cells(More)
BACKGROUND Ponatinib is a potent oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor of unmutated and mutated BCR-ABL, including BCR-ABL with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor-refractory threonine-to-isoleucine mutation at position 315 (T315I). We conducted a phase 2 trial of ponatinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute(More)
Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in Clinical Trials Newly Diagnosed Patients compares nilotinib and imatinib in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). With a minimum follow-up of 3 years, major molecular response, molecular response of BCR-ABL≤ 0.01% expressed on the international scale (BCR-ABL(IS); MR(4))(More)
Because there are differing opinions regarding treatment of patients in the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the American Society of Hematology convened an expert panel to review and document evidence-based benefits and harms of treatment of CML with busulfan (BUS), hydroxyurea (HU), recombinant interferon-alpha (rIFN-alpha), and bone marrow(More)
Two hundred forty-two patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis were reviewed to identify significant biologic and prognostic associations. Twenty percent of patients had lymphoid blast crisis. Clonal evolution was present in 60 percent of patients at blast crisis and involved most frequently the development(More)