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Studies were designed to evaluate the effectiveness of pulsed modulated UV light waveforms for killing bacteria. Exposure of five strains of bacteria to the modulated information encoded in the light decreased the colony population from a confluent lawn to less than 20 colonies. However, approximately 2,000 colonies survived treatment with the same(More)
  • H L Bank
  • 1988
A simple, rapid method for estimating the viability of isolated islets of Langerhans with fluorescent dyes is described. Low concentrations of acridine orange and propidium iodide (AO/PI) were used to visualize living and dead islet cells simultaneously. AO/PI-stained islets can be divided into three distinct groups. Group A islets fluoresce green, contain(More)
A simple, quantitative micro-ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) has been developed for rat insulin. The micro-ELISA is a solid phase, indirect, competitive immunoassay. The useful range of the micro-ELISA was superior to that of a commercial RIA for rat insulin (e.g. 0.4 to 46.0 ng/ml for the ELISA; 0.2-8.6 ng/ml for the RIA). The ELISA's sensitivity(More)
The morphology and permeability of tight junctions of the three major epithelial constituents of rat parotid gland-acinus, intercalated duct, and striated duct-have been examined ultrastructurally. Acinar and intercalated duct junctions (including those surrounding intercellular canaliculi) averaged two to three sealing strands, whereas striated duct(More)
Microvascular techniques offer important alternatives for reconstructive head and neck surgery. To test the viability of freeze-dried allografts, a pilot experimental study was performed using the rabbit model. Freeze-dried preserved arterial allografts were implanted into femoral artery defects in eight subjects. After 6 weeks, all grafts were harvested(More)
Six different statistical methods for comparing limiting dilution assays were evaluated, using both real data and a power analysis of simulated data. Simulated data consisted of a series of 12 dilutions for two treatment groups with 24 cultures per dilution and 1,000 independent replications of each experiment. Data within each replication were generated by(More)
This study reports the results of a critical comparison of five statistical methods for estimating the density of viable cells in a limiting dilution assay (LDA). Artificial data were generated using Monte Carlo simulation. The performance of each statistical method was examined with respect to the accuracy of its estimator and, most importantly, the(More)