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Animal studies have shown that chronic ethanol consumption produces physical dependence upon ethanol and alters gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA(A)) receptor subunit gene expression in brain. Although extensive investigation has been conducted in animal models, relatively little work has been performed directly on human alcoholic brain tissue to determine if(More)
Prolonged alcohol (ethanol) consumption leads to the development of alcohol tolerance and cross-tolerance to some benzodiazepines and barbiturates. In contrast, rats undergoing alcohol withdrawal are sensitized to the anticonvulsant effects of the endogenous GABA(A) receptor modulator, 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP). Alterations in(More)
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a method of cartilage repair. To improve the quality of regenerated tissue by ACI, it is essential to identify surface marker expression correlated with the differentiation status of monolayer expanded human articular chondrocytes and to define the index for discriminating dedifferentiated cells from monolayer(More)
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