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A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of LH-RH nasal spray in treatment of cryptorchidism involving 252 prepuberal boys with 301 undescended testes, showed a success rate of 9% (14 testes) for LH-RH and 8% (10 testes) for placebo. Including a subsequent open study and a second course of LH-RH as required, the rate for LH-RH rose to 18%(More)
After initial promotion of copper excretion with D-penicillamine, the effect of oral zinc sulphate (3 X 150 mg/day, loading dose; 3 X 100 mg/day, maintenance dose) in two children with clinically stable Wilson's disease was evaluated after completion of three years' treatment. The course, judged by clinical, biochemical, and histological parameters was(More)
This addendum is not an official part of the article named above. It is added to explore future chances of holding an Elfstedentocht (outdoor ice-skating marathon). These future chances have been calculated for the year 2050. The style of the addendum is consistent with that of Climatic Change. 3.4 Future chances The methodology set out in Sections 3.2 and(More)
Longitudinal studies on total and resting metabolic rate and total heat loss were made in 14 LBW infants, age 1-58 d. Metabolic rate was calculated from indirect calorimetry, heat loss was measured by direct calorimetry. Total metabolic rate and total heat loss were lowest during the first week of life, 178.9 +/- 18.0 and 171.8 +/- 15.5 kJ X kg-1 X 24 h-1,(More)
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 252 prepubertal boys with 301 undescended testes were treated with luteinising-hormone-releasing-hormone (LHRH), 1.2 mg/day intranasally. After the 8-week double-blind period 10 placebo-treated (8%) and 14 LHRH-treated (9%) testes had completely descended. After a second LHRH course, involving all the subjects in(More)
Two courses of LHRH nasal spray (400 micrograms three times a day for 28 days), partly administered in a double-blind placebo-controlled study, resulted in the descent of 48 of 281 testes (18%) in 237 prepuberal boys. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the clinical observation that pretreatment testicular position was the major factor influencing(More)
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine vitamin D metabolism in exclusively breast-fed infants. The four common vitamin D metabolites--25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24,25(OH)2D], and 25,26-dihydroxyvitamin D [25,26(OH)2D]--as well as vitamin D binding protein (DBP) were determined(More)
Total evaporative water loss, transepidermal as well as respiratory water loss was measured in 8 infants on day 1, 11 infants from day 2 to 8 and 8 infants after day 8. Measurements were performed at two levels of humidity, either vapor pressure of 16 or 25 mmHg (2 133 or 3 333 Pa). Evaporative water loss was 40% lower at the higher humidity. Neither(More)