Learn More
The protozoan Giardia lamblia is an obligate parasite of the mammalian small intestine. We studied the expression of a gene that encodes a protein component of the cyst wall, a complex structure assembled during the differentiation of trophozoites to cysts and which is critical to survival of the parasite outside its mammalian host. Transcripts from the(More)
Water samples were collected from four rivers in Washington State and two rivers in California and examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. Oocyst-sized particles were concentrated from 20-liter samples of water by membrane filtration, centrifugation, and differential sedimentation. The particle concentrate was then deposited on a(More)
A novel neuropeptide which remarkably stimulates adenylate cyclase in rat anterior pituitary cell cultures has been recently isolated from ovine hypothalami by A. Arimura and his collaborators (Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun.164, 567-574(1989)). This peptide was designated as PACAP38(Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase Activating Polypeptide with 38 residues). In an(More)
Brain concentrations of dopamine, homovanillic acid, norepinephrine, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were measured in mice with acute and chronic, adult-acquired toxoplasmosis. Mice with acute infections showed a 40% rise in homovanillic acid levels as compared with controls; dopamine levels, however, remained unchanged. Norepinephrine levels in(More)
The prevalence and intensity of Cryptosporidium infection were examined in 445 Holstein calves at 10 dairy farms in western Washington, near Seattle. Fifty-one percent (176) of calves in the 7- to 21-day-old age group (n = 342) were positive for oocysts in the feces by carbolfuchsin staining. Prevalence and intensity of infection were highest in calves 8 to(More)
An indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) procedure was developed for the detection of Cryptosporidium sp. oocysts in human, nonhuman primate, and bovine fecal smears. The procedure, which takes about 90 min to perform, involves the use of a rabbit antiserum against Cryptosporidium oocysts isolated from dairy cattle. Cross-specificity testing of the IFA method(More)
The purpose of this research was to document the formation of viable Giardia cysts in vitro. Viability staining, using fluorogenic dyes that required metabolic conversion for detection, and immunocytochemistry at the light microscopic level provided information on viability and for the identification of formed in vitro. Analysis of cysts formed in vivo and(More)
An antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay employing rabbit and mouse antisera to Giardia lamblia cyst antigens was developed for the diagnosis of Giardia infection through detection of G. lamblia-specific stool antigens in cell-free aqueous eluates of human stool. This is the first report of the use of anti-cyst antibodies in an enzyme(More)