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Meta-analysis of theory-of-mind development: the truth about false belief.
Research on theory of mind increasingly encompasses apparently contradictory findings. In particular, in initial studies, older preschoolers consistently passed false-belief tasks-a so-called… Expand
Scaling of theory-of-mind tasks.
Two studies address the sequence of understandings evident in preschoolers' developing theory of mind. The first, preliminary study provides a meta-analysis of research comparing different types of… Expand
Children Talk About the Mind
1. Children, Mind, and Language: An Introduction 2. Language and Mind: Methods 3. Talk about Thoughts and Beliefs 4. Talk about Desires 5. Desires and Beliefs 6. Explanations and Arguments 7.… Expand
The Child's Theory of Mind
- H. Wellman
- 19 July 1990
Do children have a theory of mind? If they do, at what age is it acquired? What is the content of the theory, and how does it differ from that of adults? "The Child's Theory of Mind" integrates the… Expand
Steps in theory-of-mind development for children with deafness or autism.
Prior research demonstrates that understanding theory of mind (ToM) is seriously and similarly delayed in late-signing deaf children and children with autism. Are these children simply delayed in… Expand
Developmental foundations of externalizing problems in young children: The role of effortful control
- S. Olson, A. Sameroff, D. Kerr, N. L. Lopez, H. Wellman
- Psychology, Medicine
- Development and Psychopathology
- 1 March 2005
Examined associations between effortful control temperament and externalizing problems in 220 3-year-old boys and girls, controlling for co-occurring cognitive and social risk factors. We also… Expand
Theory of mind development in Chinese children: a meta-analysis of false-belief understanding across cultures and languages.
Theory of mind is claimed to develop universally among humans across cultures with vastly different folk psychologies. However, in the attempt to test and confirm a claim of universality, individual… Expand
The acquisition of mental verbs: A systematic investigation of the first reference to mental state
l’t is generally recognized that the ability to contemplate and communicate about the knowledge, beliefs, and goals of oneself and others is a benchmark of human cognition. Yet, little is known about… Expand
Scaling of Theory-of-Mind Understandings in Chinese Children
- H. Wellman, F. Fang, D. Liu, L. Zhu, Guoxiong Liu
- Psychology, Medicine
- Psychological science
- 1 December 2006
Prior research demonstrates that understanding of theory of mind develops at different paces in children raised in different cultures. Are these differences simply differences in timing, or do they… Expand