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Individualism And Collectivism
Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1996, Vol 41(6), 540–542. To truly follow cross-cultural psychology one must know how the terms, individualism and collectivism,
The Self and Social Behavior in Differing Cultural Contexts
Three aspects of the self(private, public, collective) with different probabilities in different kinds of social environments were sampled. Three dimensions of cultural variation
Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism
The constructs of horizontal (H) and vertical (V) individualism (I) and collectivism (C) were theoretically defined and empirically supported. Study 1 confirmed, via factor analysis, that the 4
Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions of Individualism and Collectivism: A Theoretical and Measurement Refinement
In developing a new scale, this article makes theoretical and measurement distinctions between vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism. Vertical collectivism includes perceiving the
Individualism-collectivism and personality.
  • H. Triandis
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality
  • 1 December 2001
This paper provides a review of the main findings concerning the relationship between the cultural syndromes of individualism and collectivism and personality and suggests that people in collectivist cultures are likely to define themselves as aspects of groups.
Values, attitudes, and interpersonal behavior.
  • H. Triandis
  • Computer Science
    Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Nebraska…
  • 1980
A multi-user, multi-task analog/hybrid system having a digital computer and a main digital memory that is controlled to substantially allocate all of the data flow to the time critical analog and digital programs and as available data flow is allocated to nontime critical programs.
Individualism and Collectivism: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Self-Ingroup Relationships
The individualism and collectivism constructs are theoretically analyzed and linked to certain hypothesized consequences (social behaviors, health indices). Study 1 explores the meaning of these
The Psychological Measurement of Cultural Syndromes.
An examination of a range of definitions of culture indicates that almost all researchers agree that culture is reflected in shared cognitions, standard operating procedures, and unexamined
Individualism and collectivism are terms used by both social scientists and the public, but there are few systematic studies of this dimension. A sample of psychologists and anthropologists from all
Cross-cultural studies of individualism and collectivism.
  • H. Triandis
  • Sociology
    Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Nebraska…
  • 1989