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Nod factor/nitrate-induced CLE genes that drive HAR1-mediated systemic regulation of nodulation.
Host legumes control root nodule numbers by sensing external and internal cues. A major external cue is soil nitrate, whereas a feedback regulatory system in which earlier formed nodules suppress… Expand
Acquisition of aluminium tolerance by modification of a single gene in barley
Originating from the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East, barley has now been cultivated widely on different soil types including acid soils, where aluminium toxicity is a major limiting factor. Here… Expand
Drought Induction of Arabidopsis 9-cis-Epoxycarotenoid Dioxygenase Occurs in Vascular Parenchyma Cells1[W][OA]
The regulation of abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis is essential for plant responses to drought stress. In this study, we examined the tissue-specific localization of ABA biosynthetic enzymes in… Expand
Effectiveness of an ‘half elemental diet’ as maintenance therapy for Crohn's disease: a randomized‐controlled trial
- S. Takagi, K. Utsunomiya, +10 authors T. Shimosegawa
- Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
- 1 November 2006
Although thiopurines have a proven role in maintenance therapy for Crohn's disease, an alternative therapy is needed for patients intolerant or resistant to thiopurines.
Tracking axonal action potential propagation on a high-density microelectrode array across hundreds of sites.
Axons are traditionally considered stable transmission cables, but evidence of the regulation of action potential propagation demonstrates that axons may have more important roles. However, their… Expand
Ethylene promotes submergence-induced expression of OsABA8ox1, a gene that encodes ABA 8'-hydroxylase in rice.
- H. Saika, M. Okamoto, +14 authors M. Nakazono
- Medicine, Biology
- Plant & cell physiology
- 1 February 2006
A rapid decrease of the plant hormone ABA under submergence is thought to be a prerequisite for the enhanced elongation of submerged shoots of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Here, we report that the level… Expand
Evaluation of acoustic radiation force impulse elastography for fibrosis staging of chronic liver disease: a pilot study
- H. Takahashi, N. Ono, +11 authors K. Fujimoto
- Liver international : official journal of the…
- 1 April 2010
Background: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) is a new technology integrated into conventional B‐mode ultrasonography. ARFI is used to evaluate tissue stiffness in several organs, but this… Expand
Metformin suppresses azoxymethane‐induced colorectal aberrant crypt foci by activating AMP‐activated protein kinase
Metformin is widely used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Adenosine monophosphate‐activated protein kinase (AMPK) is known to be activated by metformin and to inhibit the mammalian target of… Expand
Clonal analyses and gene profiling identify genetic biomarkers of the thermogenic potential of human brown and white preadipocytes
Targeting brown adipose tissue (BAT) content or activity has therapeutic potential for treating obesity and the metabolic syndrome by increasing energy expenditure. However, both inter- and… Expand
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein is an independent clinical feature of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and also of the severity of fibrosis in NASH
BackgroundThe changes in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) range over a wide spectrum, extending from steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH). However, it has remained difficult to differentiate… Expand