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Kiwifruit fermentation drives positive gut microbial and metabolic changes irrespective of initial microbiota composition
It is well established that individuals vary greatly in the composition of their core microbiota. Despite differing ecology, we show here that metabolic capacity converges under the pressure ofExpand
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No difference in fecal levels of bacteria or short chain fatty acids in humans, when consuming fruit juice beverages containing fruit fiber, fruit polyphenols, and their combination.
This study examined the effect of a Boysenberry beverage (750 mg polyphenols), an apple fiber beverage (7.5 g dietary fiber), and a Boysenberry plus apple fiber beverage (750 mg polyphenols plus 7.5Expand
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Effects of early dietary intervention with a fermentable fibre on colonic microbiota activity and mucin gene expression in newly weaned rats
Abstract Colonic microbiota composition and metabolic processes were investigated after modifying the diet immediately post-weaning in rats. Three-week old Sprague–Dawley rats were fed cellulose orExpand
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Evaluation of gastrointestinal transit in rats fed dietary fibres differing in their susceptibility to large intestine fermentation
Abstract The rate and extent of in situ digesta transit after ingestion of diets containing dietary fibres differing in their susceptibility to large intestine fermentation were investigated. OneExpand
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In vitro characterisation of the fermentation profile and prebiotic capacity of gold-fleshed kiwifruit.
A new Actinidia chinensis gold-fleshed kiwifruit cultivar 'Zesy002' was tested to investigate whether it could positively modulate the composition of the human colonic microbiota. Digested Zesy002Expand
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Variability in gut microbiota response to an inulin-type fructan prebiotic within an in vitro three-stage continuous colonic model system
Abstract Gut microbiota have a major influence on human health and disease. Dietary interventions have been shown to beneficially modulate the gut microbiota and improve health; however, it appearsExpand
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Monoglobus pectinilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a pectinolytic bacterium isolated from human faeces.
A novel anaerobic pectinolytic bacterium (strain 14T) was isolated from human faeces. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 14T belonged to the familyExpand
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The fate of (13)C-labelled and non-labelled inulin predisposed to large bowel fermentation in rats.
The fate of stable-isotope (13)C labelled and non-labelled inulin catabolism by the gut microbiota was assessed in a healthy rat model. Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly assigned to dietsExpand
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Influence of kiwifruit on gastric and duodenal inflammation-related gene expression in aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats
Kiwifruit (KF) contains bioactive compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of KF on gastric and duodenal damage induced by solubleExpand