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Structure and physiological function of calpains.
For a long time now, two ubiquitously expressed mammalian calpain isoenzymes have been used to explore the structure and function of calpain. Although these two calpains, mu- and m-calpains, stillExpand
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The crystal structure of calcium-free human m-calpain suggests an electrostatic switch mechanism for activation by calcium.
Calpains (calcium-dependent cytoplasmic cysteine proteinases) are implicated in processes such as cytoskeleton remodeling and signal transduction. The 2.3-A crystal structure of full-lengthExpand
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Calpain: new perspectives in molecular diversity and physiological‐pathological involvement
Calpain, calcium‐activated neutral protease, stands as a unique receptor for calcium signals in biological systems; its activation leads to irreversible proteolytic processing of substrate proteins,Expand
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Identification of muscle specific ring finger proteins as potential regulators of the titin kinase domain.
The giant myofibrillar protein titin contains within its C-terminal region a serine-threonine kinase of unknown function. We have identified a novel muscle specific RING finger protein, referred toExpand
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Myopalladin, a Novel 145-Kilodalton Sarcomeric Protein with Multiple Roles in Z-Disc and I-Band Protein Assemblies
We describe here a novel sarcomeric 145-kD protein, myopalladin, which tethers together the COOH-terminal Src homology 3 domains of nebulin and nebulette with the EF hand motifs of α-actinin inExpand
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Tissue-specific expression and alpha-actinin binding properties of the Z-disc titin: implications for the nature of vertebrate Z-discs.
Titins are giant filamentous proteins which connect Z-discs and M-lines in the sarcomeres of vertebrate striated muscles. Comparison of the N-terminal region of titin (Z-disc region) from differentExpand
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Molecular cloning of a novel mammalian calcium-dependent protease distinct from both m- and mu-types. Specific expression of the mRNA in skeletal muscle.
Two types of calcium-dependent protease with distinct calcium requirements (termed muCANP and mCANP) are known in mammalian tissues. These two isozymes consist of different large (80-kDa) subunitsExpand
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Calpains: an elaborate proteolytic system.
Calpain is an intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine protease (EC; Clan CA, family C02). Recent expansion of sequence data across the species definitively shows that calpain has beenExpand
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Membrane-anchored metalloprotease MDC9 has an alpha-secretase activity responsible for processing the amyloid precursor protein.
MDC9, also known as meltrin gamma, is a membrane-anchored metalloprotease. MDC9 contains several distinct protein domains: a signal sequence followed by a prodomain and a domain showing sequenceExpand
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The structure of calpain.
Recent very rapid developments in genome and EST projects have identified an increasing number of gene products homologous to those that were previously identified by other methods. Calpain is noExpand
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