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The drug abuse screening test.
The Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) was designed to provide a brief instrument for clinical screening and treatment evaluation research. The 28 self-report items tap various consequences that are
The drug abuse screening test.
  • H. Skinner
  • Medicine
    Addictive behaviors
  • 11 February 2013
TLDR
Findings support the usefulness of the DAST for quantifying the extent of drug involvement within a help-seeking population, but further validation work is needed in other populations and settings.
eHEALS: The eHealth Literacy Scale
TLDR
The eHEALS reliably and consistently captures the eHealth literacy concept in repeated administrations, showing promise as tool for assessing consumer comfort and skill in using information technology for health.
eHealth Literacy: Essential Skills for Consumer Health in a Networked World
TLDR
A model of eHealth literacy is introduced, comprised of multiple literacy types, including an outline of a set of fundamental skills consumers require to derive direct benefits from eHealth.
Alcohol dependence syndrome: measurement and validation.
TLDR
Given the high correlation between alcohol dependence and adverse consequences from drinking, the Alcohol Dependence Scale provides important information for treatment planning and may be especially relevant when deciding between goals of total abstinence versus controlled drinking.
Reliability of alcohol use indices. The Lifetime Drinking History and the MAST.
TLDR
Factors which influence test-retest reliability are examined for the widely used Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and for the Lifetime Drinking History (LDH), a structured interview that quantifies lifetime patterns of alcohol consumption.
Diagnostic validity of the drug abuse screening test in the assessment of DSM-III drug disorders.
TLDR
It is concluded that fairly accurate estimation of DSM-III drug criteria could be made using a brief self-administered questionnaire (DAST), however, caution must be expressed when generalizing these findings to other contexts (e.g. the justice system) where subjects may have stronger motivation to under-report drug involvement.
An agenda for action.
TLDR
The reforms needed in the health sector are described and assessed, their feasibility is assessed, and the principal obstacles to reform are examined, and possible strategies for overcoming these obstacles are outlined.
How Adolescents Use Technology for Health Information: Implications for Health Professionals from Focus Group Studies
TLDR
How adolescents use technology for their health-information needs is described, the challenges they face, and some emerging roles of health professionals regarding eHealth services for adolescents are highlighted.
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