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Antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites.
BACKGROUND Bites by mammals are a common problem and they account for up to 1% of all visits to hospital emergency rooms. Dog and cat bites are the most common and people are usually bitten by theirExpand
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Early versus late tracheostomy for critically ill patients.
BACKGROUND Long-term mechanical ventilation is the most common situation where tracheostomy is indicated for patients in intensive care units (ICU). 'Early' and 'late' tracheostomies are twoExpand
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Systematic review: glucocorticosteroids for alcoholic hepatitis – a Cochrane Hepato‐Biliary Group systematic review with meta‐analyses and trial sequential analyses of randomized clinical trials
Background  Glucocorticosteroids versus placebo or no intervention for patients with alcoholic hepatitis have been evaluated for more than 35 years. However, the results of randomized trials andExpand
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Thyroid hormone replacement for subclinical hypothyroidism.
BACKGROUND Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as an elevated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level with normal free thyroid hormones values. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism isExpand
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Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (CPAP or bilevel NPPV) for cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
BACKGROUND Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) has been widely used to alleviate signs and symptoms of respiratory distress due to cardiogenic pulmonary edema. NPPV prevents alveolarExpand
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Oral appliances and functional orthopaedic appliances for obstructive sleep apnoea in children.
BACKGROUND Apnoea is a breathing disorder marked by the absence of airflow at the nose or mouth. In children, risk factors include adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, neuromuscular disorders andExpand
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Efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy in asthma: systematic review of randomized‐clinical trials using the Cochrane Collaboration method
Background:  Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is effective and safe in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. However, there is no meta‐analysis in asthma treatment.
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Ileostomy or colostomy for temporary decompression of colorectal anastomosis.
BACKGROUND The use of loop ileostomy or loop transverse colostomy represents an important issue in colorectal surgery. Despite a slight preference for a loop ileostomy as a temporary stoma, the bestExpand
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Occlusal splints for treating sleep bruxism (tooth grinding).
BACKGROUND Sleep bruxism is an oral activity characterised by teeth grinding or clenching during sleep. Several treatments for sleep bruxism have been proposed such as pharmacological, psychological,Expand
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II Consenso Brasileiro de Tuberculose: Diretrizes Brasileiras para Tuberculose 2004
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