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Associations between event-related potentials and measures of attention and inhibition in the Continuous Performance Task in children with ADHD and normal controls.
TLDR
The ADHD group studied showed deficits in attention but not in impulsivity (or inhibition) and a subgroup of children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder had smaller N2 waves than controls, however.
Alcohol and vigilance performance: a review
TLDR
There is sufficient evidence from the literature on performance indicating that the BAC standard for driving should be lowered to 0.02% for driving after midnight and for special risk groups (young and less experienced drivers), and the usefulness of tasks of questionable validity and/or low sensitivity is questioned.
Perceptual and response interference in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and the effects of methylphenidate.
TLDR
The conclusion that methylphenidate did not influence response processes contrasts sharply with findings reported by authors using the Sternberg memory search task.
Stimulant drugs and vigilance performance: a review
TLDR
Evidence from several studies does not support the hypothesis that improvements are only a recovery of withdrawal-induced impairment, and there is as yet no clear support for a noradrenergic, dopaminergic, or cholinergic theory of sustained attention.
Attentional capacity, a probe ERP study: differences between children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal control children and effects of methylphenidate.
TLDR
It was concluded that ADHD children do not suffer from a shortage in attentional capacity; rather, the evidence is in favor of a problem with capacity allocation.
Extraversion and vigilance performance: 30 years of inconsistencies.
TLDR
A meta-analysis revealed better performance of introverts, but the effect size was small and a trend was noted to move to new problems before solving old ones, and the relationship of E-I to electrodermal speed of habituation was discussed.
Methylphenidate influences on both early and late ERP waves of ADHD children in a continuous performance test
TLDR
Investigation into whether the normalizing effect of a 10-mg dose of MPH was also apparent on earlier waves, such as the N1, the P2, and the N2, besides the P3 found an expected increase of the parietal P3, both to targets and nontargets, as well as a significant increase in percentage of hits.
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