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3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U): an antiviral agent that inhibits the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus in vitro.
The antiviral effects of a thymidine analogue,3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U), which, as a triphosphate, inhibits the reverse transcriptase of HTLV-III/LAV, and the in vitro immune functions of normal T cells remain basically intact. Expand
Phosphorylation of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine and selective interaction of the 5'-triphosphate with human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase.
The results reported here suggest that azidothymidine is nonselectively phosphorylated but that the triphosphate derivative efficiently and selectively binds to the HIV reverse transcriptase. Expand
Complete nucleotide sequences of functional clones of the AIDS virus.
The complete nucleotide sequence of the proviral form of HXB2 has now been determined and its structure is quite similar to that previously determined for HTLV-III/LAV clones whose biological capacities had not previously been demonstrated. Expand
Structural and Molecular Interactions of CCR5 Inhibitors with CCR5*
Structural and molecular interactions of CC-chemokine receptor 5 with three CCR5 inhibitors active against R5 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) including the potent in vitro and in vivo aplaviroc (AVC) are characterized to help design more potent and more HIV-1-specific C CR5 inhibitors. Expand
Syrian hamsters as a small animal model for SARS-CoV-2 infection and countermeasure development
It is found that SARS-CoV-2 isolates replicate efficiently in the lungs of Syrian hamsters and cause severe pathological lesions in the lung of these animals similar to commonly reported imaging features of COVID-19 patients with pneumonia. Expand
Spirodiketopiperazine-Based CCR5 Inhibitor Which Preserves CC-Chemokine/CCR5 Interactions and Exerts Potent Activity against R5 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 In Vitro
A novel spirodiketopiperazine (SDP) derivative, AK602, which specifically blocked the binding of macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α) to CCR5 with a high affinity, potently blocked human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120/CCR5 binding and exerted potent activity against a wide spectrum of laboratory and primary R5 HIV-1 isolates. Expand
Highly effective treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma with dose-adjusted EPOCH: impact of antiretroviral therapy suspension and tumor biology.
The results suggest that the improved immune function associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may have led to a shift in pathogenesis away from lymphomas of post-germinal center origin, which have a poor prognosis. Expand
Effect of SLCO1B3 Haplotype on Testosterone Transport and Clinical Outcome in Caucasian Patients with Androgen-Independent Prostatic Cancer
The common SLCO1B3 GG/AA haplotype is associated with impaired testosterone transport and improved survival in patients with prostatic cancer. Expand
Amino Acid Substitutions in Gag Protein at Non-cleavage Sites Are Indispensable for the Development of a High Multitude of HIV-1 Resistance against Protease Inhibitors*
It is strongly suggested that non-cleavage site amino acid substitutions in the Gag protein recover the reduced replicative fitness of HIV-1 caused by mutations in the viral protease and may open a new avenue for designing PIs that resist the emergence of PI-resistant HIV- 1. Expand
Inhibition of the in vitro infectivity and cytopathic effect of human T-lymphotrophic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV) by 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides.
  • H. Mitsuya, S. Broder
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1 March 1986
Human T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III)/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) is a a newly discovered lymphotropic retrovirus that is cytopathic for helper/inducer T cells in vitro. ThisExpand