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A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention.
The purpose of this perspective article is to describe the use of a physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention that has been developed by the Falls and Balance ResearchExpand
Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces.
TLDR
Findings suggest that one of the primary objectives of the postural control system when walking on irregular surfaces is head control, and that subjects adapt their stepping pattern on irregular surface to ensure that the head remains stable. Expand
Accelerometry: a technique for quantifying movement patterns during walking.
TLDR
The use of accelerometers attached to the upper body has provided useful insights into the motor control of normal walking, age-related differences in dynamic postural control, and gait patterns in people with movement disorders. Expand
Age-related differences in walking stability.
TLDR
The adoption of a more conservative basic gait pattern by older people with a low risk of falling reduces the magnitude of accelerations experienced by the head and pelvis when walking, which is likely to be a compensatory strategy to maintain balance in the presence of age-related deficits in physiological function. Expand
Reliability of the GAITRite walkway system for the quantification of temporo-spatial parameters of gait in young and older people.
TLDR
It is concluded that the GAITRite mat exhibits excellent reliability for most temporo-spatial gait parameters in both young and older subjects, however, base of support and toe in/out angles need to viewed with some caution, particularly in older people. Expand
Normative values for the Foot Posture Index
TLDR
A set of population norms for children, adults and older people have been derived from a large sample and may assist in classifying foot type for the purpose of research and clinical decision making. Expand
Falls in Older People: Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention
TLDR
A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention and strategies for prevention - from research into practice are put into practice. Expand
Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking are associated with risk of falling in community-dwelling older people.
TLDR
The irregular pelvis and head accelerations evident in the high risk group suggests that these subjects may have difficulty controlling trunk motion and maintaining a stable visual field when walking, particularly on irregular terrain. Expand
Foot and ankle characteristics associated with impaired balance and functional ability in older people.
TLDR
Foot and ankle characteristics, particularly ankle flexibility, plantar tactile sensation, and strength of toe plantarflexor muscles, are significant independent predictors of balance and functional ability in older people. Expand
Effects of walking surfaces and footwear on temporo-spatial gait parameters in young and older people.
TLDR
The results indicate that shoes with elevated heels or soft soles impair walking stability in older people, especially on wet floors, and that high-collar shoes of medium sole hardness provide optimal stability on level dry, irregular and wet floors. Expand
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