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In Search of Golden Rules: Comment on Hypothesis-Testing Approaches to Setting Cutoff Values for Fit Indexes and Dangers in Overgeneralizing Hu and Bentler's (1999) Findings
Goodness-of-fit (GOF) indexes provide "rules of thumb"—recommended cutoff values for assessing fit in structural equation modeling. Hu and Bentler (1999) proposed a more rigorous approach toExpand
Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Optimal Experience: The Flow State Scale
The Flow State Scale (FSS) is a new measure of flow in sport and physical activity settings. The nine FSS scales of the 36-item instrument represent the dimensions of flow discussed byExpand
Goodness-of-fit indexes in confirmatory factor analysis : The effect of sample size
This investigation examined the influence of sample size on different goodness-of-fit indices used in confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The first two data sets were derived from large normativeExpand
Students' Evaluations of University Teaching: Research Findings, Methodological Issues, and Directions for Future Research
Abstract The purposes of this monograph are to provide an overview of findings and of research methodology used to study students' evaluations of teaching effectiveness, and to examine implicationsExpand
Adventure Education and Outward Bound: Out-of-Class Experiences That Make a Lasting Difference
The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine the effects of adventure programs on a diverse array of outcomes such as self concept, locus of control, and leadership. The meta-analysis was based onExpand
Verbal and Math Self-Concepts: An Internal/External Frame of Reference Model
The purpose of this investigation is to examine empirical support for the internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model that describes the relation between Verbal and Math self-concepts, andExpand
Choosing a multivariate model: Noncentrality and goodness of fit.
It is suggested that Akaike's information criterion cannot be used for model selection in real applications and that there are problems attending the definition of parsimonious fit indices. A normedExpand
Age and sex effects in multiple dimensions of self-concept: Preadolescence to early adulthood.
Les effets de l'âge et du sexe sur l'evolution du concept de soi depuis la pre-adolescence jusqu'a l'âge adulte sont analyses a partir de 3 questionnaires d'auto-description (SDQI) portant sur 12266Expand
The Structure of Academic Self-Concept: The Marsh/Shavelson Model.
New academic self-concept instruments were used to measure self-concepts in 13 (Grades 5-6) or 16 (Grades 7-10) school subjects and to test the structure of academic self-concept posited in theExpand