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Neuropsychological correlates of decision-making in ambiguous and risky situations
Decision-making deficits of korsakoff patients in a new gambling task with explicit rules: associations with executive functions.
- M. Brand, E. Fujiwara, Sabine Borsutzky, E. Kalbe, J. Kessler, H. Markowitsch
- 1 May 2005
Results show that Korsakoff patients are strongly impaired in this explicit decision-making task and that these disturbances are correlated with specific executive functions.
Cerebral Representation of One’s Own Past: Neural Networks Involved in Autobiographical Memory
- G. Fink, H. Markowitsch, Mechthild Reinkemeier, T. Bruckbauer, J. Kessler, W. Heiss
- PsychologyThe Journal of Neuroscience
- 1 July 1996
Results suggest that a right hemispheric network of temporal, together with posterior, cingulate, and prefrontal, areas is engaged in the ecphory of affect-laden autobiographical information.
Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus
A realignment of organization of memory is suggested such that declarative memory is defined in terms of features and properties that are common to both episodic and semantic memory, which gives greater precision to the Vargha‐Khadem et al. study.
Decision-making impairments in patients with pathological gambling
Differential remoteness and emotional tone modulate the neural correlates of autobiographical memory.
- M. Piefke, P. Weiss, K. Zilles, H. Markowitsch, G. Fink
- Psychology, BiologyBrain : a journal of neurology
- 1 March 2003
The findings support the 'classic' model of long-term memory processing, which suggests a time-limited differential involvement of the hippocampus in memory consolidation, and suggest differential functional roles for temporal, prefrontal and retrosplenial regions during autobiographical memory retrieval depending on the remoteness and the emotional valence of the memories retrieved.
Vestibular loss causes hippocampal atrophy and impaired spatial memory in humans.
The current data on BVL patients and bilateral hippocampal atrophy revive the idea that a major--and probably phylogenetically ancient--function of the archicortical hippocampal tissue is still evident in spatial aspects of memory processing for navigation, and demonstrate for the first time in humans that spatial navigation critically depends on preserved vestibular function.
Mirror Neuron and Theory of Mind Mechanisms Involved in Face-to-Face Interactions: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Approach to Empathy
- M. Schulte-Rüther, H. Markowitsch, G. Fink, M. Piefke
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- 1 August 2007
Differential engagement of the MPFC, the PCC/precuneus, and temporo-parietal regions in the self-task indicates that these structures act as key players in the evaluation of one's own emotional state during empathic face-to-face interaction.
The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications.
The results suggest that recognizing a person involves information flow from modality-specific modules in the temporal cortex to the retrosplenial cortex, which has recently been implicated in episodic memory and emotional salience and now seems to be a key area involved in assessing the familiarity of a person.
Anticipatory stress influences decision making under explicit risk conditions.
The results indicate that stress can lead to disadvantageous decision making even when explicit and stable information about outcome contingencies is provided.