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Comparative Survey of Rumen Microbial Communities and Metabolites across One Caprine and Three Bovine Groups, Using Bar-Coded Pyrosequencing and 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
The data indicate that bovine host breeds override diet as the key factor that determines bacterial community and metabolite profiles in the rumen.
High resolution depth distribution of Bacteria, Archaea, methanotrophs, and methanogens in the bulk and rhizosphere soils of a flooded rice paddy
Based on contrasts between absolute abundances of methanogens and methanotrophs at depths sampled across rhizosphere and bulk soils (especially millimeter-scale slices at the surface), it is identified populations of meethanogens (Methanosaeta, Methanoregula, Methanocella, MethANobacterium, and Methanosphaerula), and meethanotrophic populations that are likely physiologically active in situ.
Effects of Leuconostoc mesenteroides starter cultures on microbial communities and metabolites during kimchi fermentation.
The combination of the barcoded pyrosequencing strategy and the (1)H NMR technique was used to effectively monitor microbial succession and metabolites production and allowed for a greater understanding of the relationships between the microbial community and metabolite production in kimchi fermentation.
Rosmarinic acid protects human dopaminergic neuronal cells against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis.
It is suggested that rosmarinic acid can protect SH-SY5Y cells under oxidative stress conditions by regulating apoptotic process and should be clinically evaluated for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.
Characterization of the Denitrification-Associated Phosphorus Uptake Properties of “Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis” Clades in Sludge Subjected to Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal
ABSTRACT To characterize the denitrifying phosphorus (P) uptake properties of “Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis,” a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was operated with acetate. The SBR operation was
Analysis of the Fine-Scale Population Structure of “Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis” in Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal Sludge, Using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Flow
Results suggest that “Ca. Accumulibacter” strains may be diverse physiologically and ecologically and represent distinct populations with genetically determined adaptations in EBPR systems.
Methane emission and dynamics of methanotrophic and methanogenic communities in a flooded rice field ecosystem.
Methane emissions, along with methanotrophs and methanogens and soil chemical properties, were investigated in a flooded rice ecosystem. Methane emission increased after rice transplantation (from
Alteromonas as a key agent of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon biodegradation in crude oil-contaminated coastal sediment.
Strain SN2 and its relatives are site natives--key players in PAH degradation and adapted to winter conditions in these contaminated sea-tidal-flat sediments, resulting in a 20-fold increase in the abundance of bacteria related to strain SN2 during the winter season.
Crucial roles of neuronatin in insulin secretion and high glucose-induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta-cells.
Nnat may play a critical factor in normal beta-cell function, as well as in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, and adenovirally-expressed Nnatbeta was inclined to form aggresome-like structures, and it was found that Nnat beta aggregation inhibited the function of the proteasome.
Altererythrobacter gangjinensis sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from a tidal flat.
On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain KJ7(T), isolated from a tidal flat of the Gangjin bay in South Korea, represents a novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter.