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The group polarization phenomenon.
Experiments exploring the effects of group discussion on attitudes, jury decisions, ethical decisions, judgments, person perceptions, negotiations, and risk taking (other than the choice-dilemmas… Expand
Group versus individual performance on tasks requiring ideational proficiency
In the experiments reviewed in this article the subjects are asked to produce ideas that are relevant to a given task request (e.g., possible consequences of a hypothetical event). After describing… Expand
Sex and social class as determinants of future orientation (time perspective) in adolescents
Hypotheses concerning the effects of sex and class On future orientation were tested on 100 boys and girls between the ages of 14 and 16. Future orientation was measured in various domains of life,… Expand
Future orientation of institutionalized and noninstitutionalized delinquents and nondelinquents
The present study is an analysis of the relationship between delinquency, institutionalization and future orientation, based on a social-learning theoretical framework. Two hundred and forty male… Expand
Norms Concerning Distributive Justice: Are Needs Taken Into Consideration in Allocation Decisions?
The assumption is examined that, in addition to the "contribution" and "equality" principles, a further principle of distributive justice exists: "need consideration." In a questionnaire experiment… Expand
Subjective attributes of attraction: How people characterize their liking, their love, and their being in love
Ninety-nine students (mostly women) at a German university were asked to write down how they could tell that they like someone, love someone, and arc in love with someone (or, in other words, what… Expand
Input integration and input weighting in decisions on allocations of gains and losses
Although the concept of relevance (or weight) of inputs plays a central role in equity theory, it has not been clearly defined. The present investigation attempts to answer the question of when, and… Expand
Equity and Equality: Male and Female Means to a Just End
The thesis that males and females differ in their strategies for reward allocation in the face of distributive problems was examined. Evidence, primarily from the areas of achievement motivation and… Expand
Social class and sex as determinants of future orientation (time perspective) in adults
This study was designed to test hypotheses concerning the influence of sex roles and social status onfuture orientation (FO). The latter was measured in various categories (spheres of life), on the… Expand
The effects of information exchange and communication in an asymmetrical negotiation situation
Seventy-eight dyads of male university students participated in a bargaining experiment. The bargaining situation was asymmetrical insofar as the two players had different payoff possibilities.… Expand