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Carotenoids in biological emulsions: solubility, surface-to-core distribution, and release from lipid droplets.
The results show that polar and apolar carotenoids behave differently in biological emulsions, which further the understanding of the bioavailability of polar and Apolar carOTenoids and of their distribution between lipoprotein particles.
Characterization of emulsions and lipolysis of dietary lipids in the human stomach.
The present finding demonstrates for the first time that in the human stomach most dietary lipids are present in the form of emulsified droplets, in the range of 20-40 microns, and that gastric lipolysis can help to increase emulsification in the stomach.
Prevention of diet‐induced fatty liver in experimental animals by the oral administration of a fatty acid bile acid conjugate (FABAC)
Oral FABAC therapy prevents/reduces the development of fatty liver in animals consuming a HFD and gains weight similarly to the controls.
Essentiality of omega 3 fatty acids for brain structure and function.
Specific Interaction of HIV-1 and HIV-2 Surface Envelope Glycoproteins with Monolayers of Galactosylceramide and Ganglioside GM3*
The data suggest that the adsorption of human immunodeficiency viruses to the surface of target cells involves an interaction between the V3 domain of the surface envelope glycoprotein and specific glycosphingolipids, i.e. GalCer-HFA forCD4− cells and GM3 for CD4+ cells.
Digestion and absorption of tube-feeding emulsions with different droplet sizes and compositions in the rat.
The concept that tube-fed emulsions with different droplet sizes and solute composition are digested differently and thus are metabolized differently is supported.
Hypocholesterolemic action of beta-cyclodextrin and its effects on cholesterol metabolism in pigs fed a cholesterol-enriched diet.
It is suggested that this resistant carbohydrate accelerates body cholesterol turnover by reducing cholesterol absorption, increasing cholesterol and bile acid synthesis, and altering the action of the intestinal microflora.
Emulsification and lipolysis of triacylglycerols are altered by viscous soluble dietary fibres in acidic gastric medium in vitro.
Data obtained show that reducing emulsification of dietary lipids in the mildly acid medium found in the stomach is a mechanism by which soluble viscous fibres can alter lipid assimilation.