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Performing both propensity score and instrumental variable analyses in observational studies often leads to discrepant results: a systematic review.
TLDR
Discrepancies are frequent between PS and IV analyses and can be interpreted in various ways, and researchers should carefully consider their analytical choices, and readers should be cautious when interpreting results, until further studies clarify the respective roles of the two methods. Expand
Occupational rhinitis and asthma due to EDTA-containing detergents or disinfectants.
TLDR
This case series is the first report of EDTA-related respiratory disease, documented by a specific test, and a ban of spray preparations would be sufficient to prevent respiratory disease induced by EDTA inhalation, regardless of its mechanism. Expand
Employment and work disability in adults with cystic fibrosis.
TLDR
CF patients had a higher educational level and were more likely to hold skilled jobs and to work part time than the general population, which highlights the need for career counselling. Expand
Is the incidence of aliphatic amine-induced occupational rhinitis and asthma underestimated?
TLDR
The frequency of amine-induced occupational rhinitis (OR) or asthma (OA) may be underestimated, particularly when cleaning products are incriminated. Expand
Employment, work disability and quality of life in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitides. The EXPOVAS study.
TLDR
QoL was significantly impaired for AAV patients compared to the general population, mainly for patients with EGPA and long-standing disease, and normal employment seemed to be preserved for the majority of the patients. Expand
Effectiveness of a multidisciplinary heart failure disease management programme on 1-year mortality
TLDR
In a real world setting, a multidimensional DMP for HF with structured patient education, home nurse monitoring, and appropriate physician alerts may improve survival when implemented after discharge from hospitalization due to worsening HF. Expand
Chest X-ray screening examinations among French uranium miners: exposure estimation and impact on radon-associated lung cancer risk
TLDR
X-ray exposure did not confound the exposure-risk relation between radon and lung cancer, and the role of occupation-related imaging screening X-ray procedures in total equivalent lung dose appeared insignificant compared to α-emitter exposure. Expand
Antiplatelet and oral anticoagulant therapies in chronic hemodialysis patients: prescribing practices and bleeding risk
TLDR
Practices for prescription of antiplatelet and AC in hemodialysis patients in the Lorraine region are described and their effect on the risk of major bleeding events is assessed. Expand
Effectiveness of guideline-consistent heart failure drug prescriptions at hospital discharge on 1-year mortality: Results from the EPICAL2 cohort study.
TLDR
Prescription of ACE (or ARB) inhibitors and β-blockers for patients with HFREF may be low despite the evidence for morbidity and mortality improvement with these medications but remains associated with reduced 1-year mortality in unselected HFREF patients. Expand
Effectiveness of a patient education programme in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: Results from the ODIN cohort study using propensity score matching.
TLDR
A structured PEP was associated with lower all-cause mortality and might be considered an effective treatment in patients with HFpEF, and this association remained significant after adjustment for hypertension. Expand
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