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Timing of harvest of Phragmites australis (CAV.) Trin. ex Steudel affects subsequent canopy structure and nutritive value of roughage in subtropical highland.
To obtain high-quality roughage, it is recommended that regrown shoots be harvested again within a year in the early growing stage after the first harvest in winter, and from fifty to 110 days after harvest, the TDN had sharply declined to values similar to non-harvested stands. Expand
Feeding Traits, Nutritional Status and Milk Production of Dairy Cattle and Buffalo in Small-scale Farms in Terai, Nepal
Twenty small-scale farms of two villages were surveyed to identify the feeding traits, milk productivity and nutritional status of lactating cattle and buffalo in Terai, Nepal and it was likely that the lower supplies of CP and TDN for cattle that calved in the fodder-shortage period and in village A lowered the 305-day MY of cattle. Expand
Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis as a tool for inferring beef cattle feeding systems in Japan
The results suggested that stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis for cattle meat and hair could be used to trace the feeding histories of cattle in Japan, and that hair samples would be used as an alternative to meat. Expand
Effects of feeding polyphenol-rich winery wastes on digestibility, nitrogen utilization, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and oxidative stress in wethers.
The results indicated that winery sediment and grape pomace could alter nitrogen metabolism and/or act as new antioxidants for ruminant feeds possessing antioxidant activities. Expand
Application of the modified feed formulation to optimize economic and environmental criteria in beef cattle fattening systems with food by-products
A simplified ration optimization method was applied to a beef cattle fattening system to evaluate the utilization of food by-products under various situations. The method was extended to reduce feedExpand
Prediction of carcass composition and individual carcass cuts of Japanese Black steers.
The longissimus muscle area and subcutaneous fat thickness were the important predictors for the lean percentage in the stepwise procedure, and CCW was additionally selected when the LASSO procedure was used. Expand
Effects of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) hay feeding on dry matter intake and milk production of Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) fed rice straw ad libitum
To identify the effects of field pea hay (FPH) as a supplement of rice straw (RS) on feed intake and milk production of mid-late lactation buffaloes in Tarai, Nepal, nine multiparous Murrah were fedExpand
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium utilization and their cycling in a beef-forage production system.
The importance of internal nutrient cycling for improving nutrient utilization in beef production systems is illustrated, with a survey conducted at the Kyoto University experimental farm, which included 9.5 ha of meadow and about 160 head of beef cattle. Expand
Effects of supplementary probiotics to two different diets on dry matter intake, daily gain, digestibility, ruminal pH, and fecal microbial populations and metabolites in ewes
The supplementary probiotics changed population of some microbial strains in the feces and possibly the large intestine of ewes, and the population of Bacilli and mold increased in experiment 1 and 2. Expand
Effects of adding food by-products mainly including noodle waste to total mixed ration silage on fermentation quality, feed intake, digestibility, nitrogen utilization and ruminal fermentation in
The study suggested that the two types of TMR silage, including food by-products, might be used as a substitute for commercial concentrate. Expand